Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World Kindle ¶

  • Paperback
  • Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World
  • Glenn S. Holland
  • English
  • 01 February 2015
  • 9781598030365

7 thoughts on “Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World

  1. Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin says:

    Excellent series of lectures on the historical philosophical and religious development in the ancient Mediterranean world of religious and philosophical ideas that formed the basis of much of the way the west and the near east view the world This is a 48 lecture series that in about 24 hours run time covers the religious ideas of Egypt Mesopotamia Ancient Israel Greece The Hellenistic World Rome and Christianity and covers the evolving and synthesizing of beliefs about religion including ideas of the soul and the afterlife relations to the divine including Polytheistic systems Henotheistic systems Monotheistic systems and philosophical ideas and even some early skeptics Almost every broad religious opinion or lack thereof developed in this axial period There are details in my updates

  2. Nathan Albright Nathan Albright says:

    Part 1It is a bit too early in the course of this sprawling and epic four part course to determine what I think about the series as a whole  So far at least my impressions are mixed  On the positive side the professor shows an obvious interest in aspects of wisdom literature and issues of Creation that I find intriguing 1  On the negative side the instructor appears to share a common view of the scholar as a critic of religion rather than a student of it has an evolutionary view of religious development and has an unfortunate interest in the sacred feminine that bodes ill for future lectures  So this seems like a mixed sort of presentation that nonetheless does provide at least some interesting discussion about the religions of the ancient near east a subject I find of considerable interest  Whether or not listening to these 24 hours will be time well spent is something I will have to discover through the course of the various lectures as it appears finely balanced on the scales as weighed against a feather I supposeThe twelve lectures at a half hour apiece are largely devoted in this part of the course to the history of Egyptian religion  The author begins by discussing ancient religious cultures and their traits 1 and also attempts a somewhat rambling definition of religion 2 before moving into a discussion of early prehistoric religion 3 and the religion of the neolithic area 4  This discussion is marked by some speculations and uestions about the importance of material culture in the absence of textual evidence  After this the author moves to Egypt as a uniue religious culture 5 discusses the creation stories of Egypt and their meaning 6 and moves to a complex look at the Egyptian pantheon 7 and the Egyptian myths of kingship that separated a view of kingship as eternal and lasting while recognizing the frailty and mortal aspect of individual Pharaohs 8  The course then closes with a look at Egyptian myths of the underworld 9 a look at the power and role of goddesses and the sacred feminine in Egyptian religion 10 as well as the thorny issue of Egyptian popular religion 11 and the intriguing beginnings of wisdom literature as elite and scribal views of prudential wisdom 12  With this the professor's discussion of Egyptian religion appears to be at its endWhat does one get out of these lectures?  For one it is easy to see that Egyptian mythology is particularly difficult to disentangle for several reasons  For one there is a great deal of regionalism in Egyptian religion where different areas had different myths that were only imperfectly brought together  For another there was a strong lack of coherence between the worldview of Egyptian religion over time and some rather serious divides between popular and official religion that makes it difficult to understand the fullness of Egyptian religion even if one wants to  Likewise from this course one can gain at least a few insights into why Egyptian religion is considered to be so important namely the way that contemporary religious scholars are interested in uestions of popular devotion as well as appreciation of feminine aspects of religion and the way that polytheistic religion offers a great opportunity for people to insert themselves as authorities in the area of religion without having to accept the authority of the religious tradition that they are studying  Overall I have to say that Egyptian religion itself is not an area of particular interest except insofar as it influenced other cultures in which I have greater personal interest1 See for example 2Sometimes one can gain a great deal of insight about a subject in ways that the instructor does not intend  It should be stated at the outset that I come to this course with very different understandings of the Bible and the religion of the ancient Mediterranean as a whole than this author does  The author probably thinks that he is a fair minded and balanced scholar of the Bible when he comments in ignorance about evolutionary religious beliefs and Zadok and David as Jebusites rather than Israelites but most of what he says about the Bible like that of many other people who fancy themselves as scholars of religion 1 is pretty worthless  Where this course is worthwhile is in seeking to present why certain mis understandings of the Bible and history are so popular and that is something that the professor can do without having to deliver accurate knowledge about history or scripture  The author is clearly perfectly content with a polytheisticpluralist worldview because such a worldview makes no idealistic demands on him and allows him room to maneuver without having to face ultimate judgment and ultimate authority and that worldview greatly colors the materials hereLike most of the great courses series this particular part of the course had twelve lectures of half an hour each on six cds  The instructor begins these lectures with a discussion of Mesopotamia as the land between the rivers 13 before looking at various myths of creation 14 that came from the complex mix of cultures and language  Following this there are myths about InannaIshtar 15 Gilgamesh as a king 16 the search for eternal life 17 and the great flood 18 where the professor contrasts a couple of Mesopotamian myths with the biblical history  After this the author looks at ancient concepts of the divine discussing polytheism henotheism and monotheism 19 before discussing the heathen gods of Syria Palestine 20  From this point the author moves into a discussion of Israel's ancestral history which the author manages to mangle in a somewhat predictable fashion 21 and the professor similarly bungles his discussion of Israel's national history 22 a discussion of prophecy in the ancient Near East 23 and early prophecy in Israel 24  It is likely over that this bungling will continue in future lectures because the instructor really does not take the Bible nearly seriously enoughBasically the most obvious gain one gets out of lectures like this is entertainment  A great deal of this course is based on speculation whether that is speculation about biblical history or that of Israel's neighbors and much of the insight a listener would gain depends on the credibility of the instructor  Unfortunately that credibility is not particularly great given the professor's passing along of mistaken information about Israel which makes it hard to take what he says particularly seriously  Since this instructor falls below the Kitchen line as well as the Longman line there is little here to offer on the level of insight about the Bible  What this instructor offers is the secular view of scripture and the way that it varies so widely from the facts of the matter demonstrates the gulf that must be bridged in the understanding of the Bible as well as in its continuing cultural and moral authority  So long as people like this professor are considered to be acceptable scholars of biblical religion it is likely that the lies they pass along will continue to be viewed as historical fact  Consider this instructor to be one of many who does not deserve to be viewed as an expert on biblical history1 See for example 3Fortunately most of this section of lectures focuses on something where the professor and I have a good deal of agreement and that is the religion of Greece  Although in general I am not fond of the evolutionary perspective of religion that many people have largely because it fails in those cases like the Bible where it is most commonly used I find it is easier to appreciate people who take an ancient religion as seriously as I do as a way of gaining knowledge about history and context without any sort of belief getting in the way and that is true for my perspective on Greek heathen religion and generally Greek thinking as a whole 1  Be that as it may this book was a relatively pleasant surprise after the general displeasure I had with the previous section of the book although it must be admitted that the professor does begin this part of his lectures by discussing various aspects of Israel's religious history which makes for an odd break between parts 2 and 3 and one that does not seem natural at allLike the rest of this series and the majority of other lectures from the Great Courses series this part contains twelve lectures of half an hour each on six cds  The first three lectures deal with Israelite religion the classical Israelite writing prophets about which the author has some misinformation about imaginary second Isaiahs and the like 25 the great crisis of exile and how it supposedly changed Israelite religion 26 and the problem of evil as a supposed origin for apocalypticism and thoughts of the afterlife 27  After these rubbish lectures are done though the professor happily moves on to Greek religion where he is less off base  A discussion of ancient Aegean civilizations namely the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations 28 gives way to a discussion of religious culture in the Iliad and Odyssey 29 as well as the writings of the Archaic Greek period 30  After this the author looks at Greek myths of creation 31 as well as his freuent obsession with the sacred feminine 32  The rest of the lectures find the author examining the classical era 33 the troubled attempts of philosophers to rationalize religion 34 the syncretistic nature of religion in the Hellenistic period 35 and some aspects of the mystery religions during that same period 36In listening to these lectures although I enjoyed them for the most part I got the feeling the professor and I were definitely on opposite sides  For one it appears that the author himself was in favor of the rationalizing tendency of Greek philosophy even though it was not factually true and that it was genuinely corrosive to the cultural fabric of Greece and every other society where a rationalistic approach to religion has been undertaken by corrupt elites  Similarly it appears from these lectures that the author is generally in favor of syncretism and the blending of religious traditions as evidence that faith is somehow mutable and not something to be taken particularly seriously  One wonders if the professor has reflected long and hard on the intolerant nature of Hellenistic elites when cultures wished for good reason to maintain their religion in the face of the universalizing tendencies of the Hellenists as happened in Judea  At any rate though it is striking that both early Christians and Greek philosophers were considered to be atheists in the ancient world because their beliefs were out of step with the heathen religious thought of the masses  Sometimes life is full of rich irony1 See for example 4My library didn't have this part so no review

  3. Abdulaziz Fagih Abdulaziz Fagih says:

    255The presenter is bit boring and i feel he's not very we knowledgeable in the subject

  4. Chris Aldrich Chris Aldrich says:

    Though somewhat dry at times this was generally excellent and well worth the time Dr Holland has an interesting dry humor; I wish he'd used of itFor such a short series there was a tremendously large amount of material within the lectures

  5. Bill Johnston Bill Johnston says:

    I could not get through this It's the only Great Course that bored me so much I had to stopHolland has a soporific voice with occasional stress on specialized terms and that's not a good thing to be listening to on long car trips Rather than history and religion he goes on at great length about academic mythology and all the wild speculation that involves These modern interpretations get in the way of the historical facts and the lived religions I wanted to hear about

  6. Icyfarrell Icyfarrell says:


  7. Johannes Bertus Johannes Bertus says:

    Ticked all the boxes I was hoping for Highly recommended

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Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World❰Reading❯ ➸ Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World Author Glenn S. Holland – Largest Religions In The World WorldAtlas The religion’s full name translates to “The Great Faith for the Third Universal Redemption” Devotees believe in the existence of one Supreme Being regar Largest Religions the Ancient MOBI ñ In The World WorldAtlas The religion’s full name translates to “The Great Faith for the Third Universal Redemption” Devotees believe in the existence of one Supreme Being regardless of whatever label or name ie God or Allah other religions have chosen to impose on this central deity Practitioners of Cao Dai place a great deal Religion in PDF/EPUB ² of stress on universal concepts such as justice love peace and tolerance Religion | World | The Guardian Religion October Headteacher who healed a Birmingham 'Trojan horse' school 'We did it with love' Herminder Channa recently awarded an OBE has transformed an academy at the centre of religion English French Dictionary WordReferencecom religion n noun Refers to person in the Ancient Kindle Ò place thing uality etc philosophy based on faith religion nf nom fminin s'utilise avec les articles la l' devant une voyelle ou un h muet une Ex fille nf On dira la fille ou une fille Avec un nom fminin l'adjectif s'accorde En gnral on ajoute un e l'adjectif Par exemple on dira une petit e fille This religion Religion definition of religion by The Free Dictionary religion rĭ lĭj′ən n a The belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers regarded as creating and governing the universe respect for religion b A particular variety of such belief especially when organized into a system of doctrine and practice the world's many religions c A set of beliefs values and practices Types of Religion Christianity Islam Buddhism Religion adds meaning and purpose to the lives of followers granting them an appreciation of the past an understanding of the present and hope for the future By definition a religion is a belief system concerning one or deities and incorporating rituals ceremonies ethical 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effect in the past three decades not because science drove God from the public suare but rather because politics did In the st century “not religious” has Religion in the United States TheUSAonlinecom People Religion in the United States The variety of religious beliefs in the United States surpasses the nation’s multitude of ethnicities nationalities and races making religion another source of diversity rather than a unifying force This is true even though the vast majority of Americans— percent—identify themselves as Christian One third of these self identified Christians The Major Religions In India WorldAtlas Some religions such as Sikhism even originated there Religious persecution still exists but the Indian constitution recognizes religion as a fundamental right meaning citizens are free to follow whichever faith they choose From Hinduism to Zoroastrianism the following article breaks down all the major religions currently practiced in India Hinduism Three Hindu ascetics wave while Religion | World | The Guardian Religion October Headteacher who healed a Birmingham 'Trojan horse' school 'We did it with love' Herminder Channa recently awarded an OBE has transformed an academy at the centre of Largest Religions in the World Swedish Islam Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world and it currently has billion followers worldwide Indonesia is the country with the largest number of Muslims although Islam originated in Mecca or Medina Islam started some time in the th century during the prophet Muhammad’s life who they believe is the last prophet of Allah Religion definition of religion by The Free Dictionary religion rĭ lĭj′ən n a The belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers regarded as creating and governing the universe respect for religion b A particular variety of such belief especially when organized into a system of doctrine and practice the world's many religions c A set of beliefs values and practices RELIGION | meaning in the Cambridge English religion definition the belief in and worship of a god or gods or any such system of belief and worship an Learn Oldest Religions in the World – Oldestorg The religion gets its name from its founder Confucius an Anglicization of his actual name K’ung fu tzu or Master K’ung who did not set out to found a new religion but was interested in reviving the values and beliefs of the Zhou dynasty Throughout the years Confucianism has had a strong influence on the spiritual and political life of the Chinese people Its influence has spread to Tomorrow’s Gods What is the future of religion? Religion will continue to grow in economically and socially insecure places like much of sub Saharan Africa – and to decline where they are stable Major religious groups Wikipedia The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups although this is not a uniform practice This theory began in the th century with the goal of recognizing the relative levels of civility in societies which in Religion in the Workplace What Managers Need to “Religion and business is considered one of the last taboos” says Senior Lecturer Derek van Bever “Our students have been asking for it because they see very clearly that they will be in positions of global leadership where they will have to deal with it” To fill that need van Bever wrote the case study Managing Religion in the Workplace using two high profile cases of religious Religion as Opium of the People Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German philosopher who attempted to examine religion from an objective scientific perspective Marx’s analysis and critiue of religion Religion is the opium of the Masses Die Religion ist das Opium des Volkesis is perhaps one of the most famous and most uoted by theist and atheist alike Unfortunately most of those doing the uoting don’t really understand exactly The Most Persecuted Religion in the World | HuffPost The Most Persecuted Religion in the World pm ET Updated Mar A worshipper lights a candle at the Cathedral Basilica in Vilnius Lithuania Tuesday Dec Over percent of Lithuanians are Christians who celebrate the festival of Christmas on Dec AP PhotoMindaugas Kulbis Over the past year I have written of the intolerance that Christians have shown.