From Socrates to Sartre The Philosophic uest ePUB ð

From Socrates to Sartre The Philosophic uest ❰Reading❯ ➺ From Socrates to Sartre The Philosophic uest Author T.Z. Lavine – A challenging new look at the great thinkers whose ides have shaped our civilizationFrom Socrates to Sartre presents a rousing and readable introduction to the lives and times of the great philosopher A challenging new look to Sartre MOBI · at the great thinkers whose ides have shaped our civilizationFrom Socrates to Sartre presents a rousing and readable introduction to the lives and times of the great philosophers This thought provoking book takes us from the inception of Western society in Plato’s Athens to today when the commanding power of Marxism has captured one third of the world T Z Lavine Elton Professor of Philosophy at George Washington University makes philosophy come alive with astonishing clarity to give us a deeper meaningful understanding From Socrates MOBI :º of ourselves and our timesFrom Socrates to Sartre discusses Western philosophers in terms of the historical and intellectual environment which influenced them and it connects their lasting ideas to the public and private choices we face in America todayFrom Socrates to Sartre formed the basis of from the PBS television series of the same name.

10 thoughts on “From Socrates to Sartre The Philosophic uest

  1. Ian "Marvin" Graye Ian "Marvin" Graye says:

    WRITTEN PENDING A REVIEWSometimes it's easier to write a song than to read and understand PhilosophyThe Philosophers’ SongThough Plato drank lots of expensive red wineHe could faithfully draw a Divided LineWork a Tripartite Soul into his storyAnd turn a Cave into an Allegory René Descartes knew when it was time to drinkHe could not be unless he was fit to thinkSkepticism led to Self Evident TruthAnd a World with Mechanical AttributesYoung David Hume was a well meaning critterThe Empiricist learned after a bitterIt’s not Logic that guides all of our ActionsReason itself is a slave of the PassionsThe Ideal form of a red wine and bagelAppealed to German philosopher HegelWhile all History is DialecticalHis Spirits were PhenomenologicalRevolutionary vision made Marx see redSo much so that Hegel was turned on his headAnd Dialectical MaterialistsRevolted forever German IdealistsJean Paul Sartre defined ExistentialismAs the ultimate form of HumanismHe proved he was capable of Joie de VivreBy not asking Simone de Beauvoir to leaveMETAPHYSICAL GRAFITTIMonty Python The Bruces' Philosophers’ Song Live at the Hollywood Bowl Python Philosophy Football Germany vs Greece Live at the Hollywood Bowl to Kris for reminding me about these performancesMale Philosophy Student and Metaphysical Poet Seeks Indie Girl with Bob HaircutI think I hopeThat I could beWhat you long forIn a loverAN APPENDED REVIEWThe Position of the MissionI read this book as part of a private mission to acuire an historical context within which to do some focused philosophical readingI never studied philosophy as a discrete subject or course Instead my background was in political philosophy and ideologyI studied Modern Political Thought and the Theory and Practice of MarxismLater I did some undergraduate studies in Semiotics through the French Department which also gave me some access to StructuralismModern Political Thought was Hobbes Locke Rousseau Marxism was Marx Engels Lenin Trotsky Stalin Mao and various Euro CommunistsI now feel frustrated that I only ever read Hegel through the eyes of MarxOne of the goals of my mission is to better understand Hegel with a different set of eyes Another is to better understand the implications of Marx turning Hegel on his headBut ultimately I wanted to understand how both Hegel and Marx fit into the History of Western Philosophy including the period since Marx’ deathI didn’t choose this work by Lavine for any reason other than the fact that I found a second hand copy for 450This is half the cost of a good glass of wine or beer but I gained a lot pleasure out of this book and I still get to have a drinkThe FormThe title of the book says something of its scope However in truth it’s a bit misleadingSixteen philosophers feature in the overview only six of them have sections dedicated to them and Socrates isn’t one of themHere is the list with the six in boldHeraclitus Parmenides Socrates Plato Aristotle Descartes Hume Kant Hegel Marx Kierkegaard Nietzsche Sartre Husserl Heidgger WittgensteinFans of Philosophy or Monty Python might uibble about the choice or the on ground time of members of this suad but ultimately I really enjoyed this primerThe SubstanceUp until the sections on Sartre and the back three Lavine summarises the tenets of each philosopher’s work in an accessible manner but also in a way that builds a 1200 year narrative out of intensely conceived and projected philosophical memesThe book isn’t just a personal race an individual marathon but a relay with philosophers passing the baton across decades and centuries until Lavine their proxy reaches us and places the baton in our hand from which point we’re supposed to think and be and doMaybe this analogy is a bit artificial one that Lavine might not have related to but her achievement has been to turn what could have been a dry topic into something that a larger audience could relate toIn other words if you’re a literary reader who’s happy to skim la crème de la crème this isn’t a bad place to startThe Spirit LevellerMy main reservation is the sections on Sartre and contemporaneous trends like Logical Positivism and Analytic PhilosophyUp until Sartre she structured each chapter in short succinct paragraphs often with numbered argumentsWhen she arrives at Sartre the paragraphs are longer as if she has swallowed but not digested and just regurgitated material that she did not personally relate toSynthesisSo for me this book is a great overview of philosophy up to Sartre in the sense that he built on both Kierkegaard and Marx but we will need to supplement it with something else that deals with subseuent movementsFurther ReadingI might start hereA Hundred Years of PhilosophyAN UPENDED REVIEWHomo Logico Philosophicus The Philosophic Conuest or The Attractatus of a Man for a Woman A Thesis in 33 Sexual Propositions1 In the beginning there was a Man2 Because there was nothing much else around or in his head he was surrounded by Empiricism 3 Just when Man had got his head around Empiricism a Woman turned up4 From his dick the Man heard a word and the word was Lust5 When asked to put this thing there the Woman had no logical reason to object6 The Man thought he had discovered the Good Life7 The next morning there was a new word and the word was Love8 The Man said “What do you mean Love look at this Why don’t you do that thing that you did last night?”9 The Woman taught Man the meaning of Negation10 In a moment of weakness the Woman later taught Man the meaning of Persistence11 Nine months later a baby girl was born to the Woman12 Tragically three months later the baby died13 After much grieving and blaming the Man decided that if there was an Effect there must be a Cause14 The Woman said “Hmmm?” and folded her arms inuisitively15 The Man thought that even though the Effect was Visible the Cause must be Invisible16 The Man decided that the Cause must be something Perfect and that all People must be Imperfect17 People must be Bad and this other thing must be Good18 The Man suggested that the Good Thing should be called God and that God would be a Man19 The Woman objected because she was a Good Thing and up until then the Man had called her a Goddess20 The Man consulted other Men and decided to establish a Church that could defeat the arguments of the Goddesses21 In time the Church oppressed not just Women but Men as well22 Men started to uestion the existence of God and the authority of the Church23 Some Men wondered whether they should respect and worship Women instead of God24 “Don’t be fricken stupid” said their male friends25 Men started to believe in one thing and one thing only and that was their Consciousness26 Women looked at these Men and said “What about us what about the kids what about real life?”27 The Men said “You do not exist I am complete unto myself”28 The Women looked at each other and said “I told you they were fricken stupid”29 One of the Women said “If we wait maybe they will come around to our point of view?”30 The other Women looked at her and said “Are you fricken stupid?”31 One of the Women said “I think it’s time for some Music”32 One of the other Women said “Do you think that we can sort this out while the Music is playing?’33 All of the other Women looked at her and said “Are you fricken stupid?”Image André Carrilho New York TimesTHE PHILOSOPHY OF LOVETurning Your Back on LoveLove is not an express concern of Lavine although it is something I started to wonder about as I read the bookThe earlier Philosophers were concerned with ethical uestions about how to live a Good Life and how to be HappyEven now if we want to think about these issues the thoughts of the early Philosophers are just as valid and influential as they have been at any point in history perhaps because it’s not possible to improve on what they saidPossibly because they did their job so well the concerns of Philosophy appeared to move onAn early concern was the relationship between the Individual and God or the GodsSimilarly the relationship between the Individual and the State became a concernUltimately the area of Philosophy which has attracted the most academic interest and continued to change or develop the most has been Metaphysics which concerns the nature of Being and the relationship between the Individual and the WorldOne reason for the developments was the influence of scientific theories and discoveries on the concept of MindI Have Only My Self to BlameMy reading of the Philosophy described by Lavine was that it became increasingly abstract and focused on individual Consciousness almost to the point of Solipsism the belief that only your own mind is sure to existWithin this framework there is only the Self and Consciousness reignsThe focus of Philosophy seems to have become the Self in isolationRelational PhilosophyWhat has fallen by the wayside is any philosophical interest in relationships between the Individual or Self on the one hand and God the State and other People on the other handEven Ethics seems to have perished because the Individual has become the source of all value in substitution for SocietyI the Individual need only act in my own self interestSo what has gone missing is any philosophical interest in Love andor what I will call Fraternity or Social Harmony the relationship between People“We” have ceased to be of interest to Philosophy only “I” am its concernWhat follows below are some speculative extrapolations on the views of the key Philosophers discussed by LavineDescartesWhile reading Lavine on Descartes I felt that he was too analytical and was determined to place concepts and things in boxesAt the risk of oversimplifying Descartes what seemed to be missing was the relationship between the separate concepts or things or boxesWhile he still used a concept of cause and effect there was no sense of dynamismThere was no sense that sunburn is the reaction of one thing the skin of the Self to another thing the sunHumeBy the time you get to Hume the sensory takes over Except that it becomes almost an over reaction to the lack of relationship in DescartesThe relationship between two concepts or things is all The sensory is all What is missing in the case of Hume is the Self or the “I”Hume almost seems to argue that there is no ongoing I or Self or Ego that we are constantly changing packages or buckets of sensory reactions or relationshipsI am what I feel I feel therefore I amExcept the I is different from the I of DescartesThere is no sense of myself with which I can identify withSo at this point in Lavine something in me wanted to put the I back in the Self or IdentityWe are not just an aggregate of reactions or relationshipsThere is a Self and there is an Other There is an I and there is a YouThere is You I and our Relationship or sensory experience of each other of Each OtherIn other words there is Love but it is Love between two discrete PeopleDescartes focussed on boxes Hume focussed on sensory experienceThe synthesis is to come up with heart shaped boxes that relate to each otherPhilosophy must make room for LoveHegelBy the time we get to Hegel the relation of one Individual to another starts off as a Master and Slave Dialectic the ultimate Stranger Danger in which the two engage in a Struggle unto DeathThere is no sense of two warriors raising their open hands in a gesture of peace or two people falling in love at first sightThe relationship is intrinsically suspicious and antagonistic The two are a Negation of each otherThe exception for Hegel is the Family in which the Individual is a Member as opposed to an independent personLove within the Family is the Mind’s feeling or sense of its own UnityThis sense of Unity or Oneness is something that the Individual cannot have in the broader CommunityMarxMarx describes Love as a passion that undermines Tranuility Yet he also seemed to view mutual Love as a condition that should be aspired to If you love without evoking love in return — that is if your loving as loving does not produce reciprocal love; if through a living expression of yourself as a loving person you do not make yourself a beloved one then your love is impotent — a misfortuneSartreSartre sees Love in similar negative terms to HegelIn all relationships we either enslave the Other or the Other enslaves usLavine’s section on Sartre finishes on this note although in the final section on the Contemporary Philosophical Scene she analyses Sartre’s conversion to Marxism as an embrace of the social and an attempt to find a form of Humanism in ExistentialismIt’s interesting that when France was occupied by Germany and the French people were oppressed by the German forces Sartre turned to a philosophy of Fraternity and Engagement to help overthrow the GermansMaking Our Own Way From Negation to ElationThe remainder of the book discusses Logical Positivism and Analytic Philosophy It is overtly concerned with developments in the understanding of the working of the Mind and ConsciousnessThus it retreats from concepts that hint at or would allow us to construct a Social Philosophy and a Philosophy of LoveBecause these are not central concerns of Lavine we never get to hear what she would have thought about these concepts at least not in this bookSo we are left alone on our own togetherWe have to create our own Philosophy of Love My Love PHILOSOPHY FOR LEMONHEADSMusical InterlewdIt’s impossible to understand Philosophy in the 21st century without being intimate with the lyrics of Evan Dando of the LemonheadsBut first check out these songs”Being Around””Big Gay Heart””It's About Time””Bit Part” what I mean now how am I going to refocus you on Philosophy? Well with a Glossary only this is no common or garden variety GlossaryA Glossary of Country and Western Philosophy According to Evan Dando with a little help from Gram ParsonsBodyism “If I was your body would you still wear clothes?”Boogerism “If I was a booger would you blow your nose?”Exhibitionism “I'm just trying really hard to make you notice me being around”Hedonism “I don't need you to suck my dick or to help me feel good about myself”Logical Positivism “If you can find a way to add it up it might be hard but it might be enough”Negativism “ Nobody nobody has got no one to go to” Nihilism “They always go bye the bye The great big no The great big no” Objectivism “Why can't you look after yourself and not down on me?” Rationalism “I'm just trying to give myself a reason for being around” Relativism “It's about time” Sado Masochism “I'd be grateful I'd be satisfied” Solipsism “Take a look into some big grey eyes and ask yourselfYou wanna make 'em cry?Lookin' out of them it's just as wellBut you're gonna live to see I'm gonna ask you why” Utilitarianism “Do you have to try to piss me off just 'cause I'm easy to please?” PHILOSOPHICAL DIALOGUE WITH A FRIENDFriendPhilosophy is the art and science of understanding the InvisibleDJ IanIf you can't see it how do you know it exists? How do you know it's there? FriendPhilosophy is like friends The absence of a friend does not mean that they are not there or that they are not your friendSextus PropertiusAlways toward absent lovers love's tide stronger flowsDJ IanThanks SextusSextus? Are you still there? Sextus?Sextus PropertiusYes Ian Calm down I'm still here I just had my headphones up a bit loudDJ IanWhat were you listening to?Sextus PropertiusREM I really love that bandSOUNDTRACKREM I Believe from the album Lifes Rich Pageant I Believe Thank You Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin Believe That I Understand Hundred Years of PhilosophyBeatles All You Need is Love LAST OF THE GREAT METAPHYSICAL POETSBeatles All You Need is LoveLennonMcCartneyLove love love love love love love love loveThere's nothing you can do that can't be doneNothing you can sing that can't be sungNothing you can say but you can learn how to play the gameIt's easyThere's nothing you can make that can't be madeNo one you can save that can't be savedNothing you can do but you can learn how to be youin time It's easyAll you need is love all you need is loveAll you need is love love love is all you needLove love love love love love love love loveAll you need is love all you need is loveAll you need is love love love is all you needThere's nothing you can know that isn't knownNothing you can see that isn't shownNowhere you can be that isn't where you're meant to beIt's easyAll you need is love all you need is loveAll you need is love love love is all you needAll you need is love all together nowAll you need is love everybodyAll you need is love love love is all you needA Trainspotter's Guide to the Beatles VideoAt 222 we see the back of a beautiful shirt At 239 we see who is wearing itPLATO? ARISTOTLE?? SOCRATES??? MORONSThe Princess Bride Battle of Witshttpwwwyoutubecomwatch?vH6iUg2

  2. Edward C. Edward C. says:

    So you want to have a working understanding of Western philosophy but you don't have the time or energy to read everything that's come out since Plato? Check this book out Thorough without being overwhelming the author walks the reader along as though by the hand difficult concepts are well explained and some light hearted passages reveal that even philosophers are human

  3. Linda Linda says:

    Thelma Lavine died about a week ago and I realize that this book by one of my favorite professors was not included on my Goodreads list Both her inspiring philosophy of lit class that I took at GW and her pbs series about this book are marked indelibly in my memory A great teacher has left our midst but not our hearts and minds

  4. Katherine Hornsby Katherine Hornsby says:

    This was exactly the book I was looking for after years of aimlessly reading philosophy and being exposed to it only superficially in school I was familiar with the thought of a few philosophers and had a very general chronology in my head but I wanted to start a serious study by first reading an overview of Western philosophy This book was exactly that There are seven parts Plato Descartes Hume Hegel Marx Sartre and Contemporary Philosophy In between discussion of each man's philosophy are details about his life the conflicts of his time and location and how his thought both affected and was affected by these circumstances Lavine transitions from one section to the next by using these details as well as including other philosophers as transitional figures; examples include Kant Kierkegaard Heidegger and Husserl This was useful because it provided only the information necessary to understand a transition but also gave the reader a specific name or movement or ideology to search for later if he or she would like details The end of each section was useful in a similar way including a list of books relevant to that section for further reading These lists include both works by the person being discussed as well as books critiuing those works At the end of the entire book is another list like this a brief glossary and an index The book is also easy to read obviously made for simple folk such as myself and conveniently broken into many relatively short chapters ie for those who are busy it is a good book to read in many short sittings; it is not necessary to sit and read 50 pages consecutively to get an idea as seems to be the case with some philosophy books As I said it was just what I was looking for I am now using it as a branching off point and will keep it to reference basic ideas I'm sure I will have forgotten

  5. Rodrigo Rodrigo says:

    I've never read a book that synthesizes so well the different philosophic currents that have existed throughout the ages and somehow manages to keep them valid from a contemporary point of view at the same time Thanks to that I now understand Hume and Hegel much better than I did before There's also this feeling of urgency that can be perceived as you read this constant reminder that there's plenty of basis for new philosophies to be born and that there's even an urgent need for them since there are only destructive forces nowadays such as Phenomenology and Linguistic philosophyUrgency in philosophy can you believe that?The one thing I didn't like about it was how it completely glossed over Schopenhauer and how it paired up Nietzsche with the Existentialists those douches

  6. Rushabh Rushabh says:

    What a great book Highly recommended for everybody who wants to start understanding western philosophy The book is a great for beginners like me giving both a brief overview of the philosopher's work and the philosopher himself Great movie dialogues can be found to be seated on the great works of philosophers Joker's you die a hero can be found to be from Hegel's theory of thesis and anti thesis Would love a similar tour de force on Eastern and oriental philosophy recommendations are welcome

  7. Carol Carol says:

    A uniue and insightful book that adds a relevant inuiry to Western Philosophy from a modern point of view I love how one book can have between its covers the thought history of thousands of years What I liked most 1 The author considered the personal life of each philosopher tackled and how it affected his own philosophy They were all the children of their time2 She added a list of useful further readings and all books written by the philosopher at the end of every section of the book 3 She doesn't merely state the schools of thought of different philosophers More importantly she adds the criticism directed at their ideas and aims to answer In what way do we relate in the 21st century to their ideologies and perceptions?I enjoyed the journey from Socrates to Modernism

  8. John John says:

    A great reference for beginners in philosophic inuiryIt was very readable and filled with information and clarity The primary philosophers addressed here are Plato Descartes Hume Hegel Marx and Sartre However the contemporaries of those just mentioned are presented with great detail as wellIt is a book that should be read in high school My opinion is that philosophy should be mandatory cirriculum to Juniors andor Seniors but I digress this book certainly educated me on the pervading waves of thought throughout Western history

  9. Ramy Youssef Ramy Youssef says:

    As the name shows It is a Philosophic uest In case this will be your first philosophical book then I will recommend to read Sophie's World first

  10. Owaahh Owaahh says:

    Everything you would expect from a compilation of some of the greatest thoughts about almost everything ever recordedso far

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