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Leben des Galilei ➩ [Ebook] ➤ Leben des Galilei By Bertolt Brecht ➵ – Buyprobolan50.co.uk Reviewing the work of the Berlin Ensemble Harold Clurman has written The play which most strongly stamped on my mind a sense of Brecht's great stature as an artist of the theatre was Galileo And again Reviewing the work of the Berlin Ensemble Harold Clurman has written The play which most strongly stamped on my mind a sense of Brecht's great stature as an artist of the theatre was Galileo And again Galileo is entirely contemporary in Leben des PDF or view of the events of our atomic age and in relation to certain problems of conscienceThe adaptation is the famous one which was brought to completion by Brecht himself working with Charles Laughton who played Galileo in the first two American productions of the play Hollywood and New York Since then the play has become a classic of the world repertoire.

10 thoughts on “Leben des Galilei

  1. Lisa Lisa says:

    Unhappy the land where heroes are needed History and literature studies have a natural connecting point in the human need for heroic action and self sacrifice Reading novelists historians and poets who experienced the first and second world war first hand I slowly came to the conclusion that heroism itself is a flaw in human culture which rarely brings any benefits but often creates suffering on a big scale as heroes can be made instruments for dogma and set up as martyrs for a cause And causes unfortunately often than not include violence and death How to live for freedom truth and plurality of opinions if the majority of your community doesn't embrace your liberal curiosity but believes in one single truth which needs to be protected at any cost?That is the uestion Galileo has to ask himself and the uestion Brecht raised by choosing the topic during the darkest years of German oppressionGalileo is not a heroHe is not a religious martyrHe is not a perfect human beingHe is independent intelligent inuisitive and inwardly free He is interested in truth but not in sacrifice to protect his truth from the institutionalised stupidity of his era symbolised by the Inuisition and its pathetic struggle to keep the Bible an artificial authority in a world that increasingly builds on scientific facts and knowledgeWhy does he recant? The uestion is not entirely answered and there might not even be a straight forward answer to it Brecht's Galileo claims that he is afraid of physical pain And there is nothing shameful in that Why suffer because of a doctrine which you know to be wrong? Whether Galileo is tortured or not the world keeps moving Eppure si muove as he probably didn't really sayBeing a scientist does not mean being a fanatic You do not have to die to prove you are right The experiments you conduct can be carried out again with the same results if your theory is correct That is the main difference between ideology and science the latter does not need heroes because it can prove its point with reasonable non violent arguments and factsWhy is Galileo so unhappy then?Apart from being a scientist he is also a human being living in an oppressive society and with knowledge you also acuire responsibility As a teacher you turn into a role model not only for your subject but for a recommendable behaviour within your community And this is where he feels he has failed in the end He should have made a point stood up for his values and his discoveries to set the stage for a future without oppressive ignorance in power He didn't do that and therefore he is unhappyI still believe martyrdom is wrong You won't win against dogma by using their means and their rhetoric thus turning into the evil you want to fight The only way to change the world is by educating the next generation NOT to believe in the ol' lie dulce et decorum est pro patria mori NOT to believe in having to win arguments against others NOT to believe that there is only one solution to the great uestions of humanity NOT to believe that some people have the right to impose their worldview on others NOT to believe that some people have rights than others NOT to believe that some people are entitled to privileges based on faith looks gender or other superficial distinctions Education in short Galileo taught that torture is wrong by choosing not to suffer it What he gained was time to think and study and live Inner emigration and civil disobedience are better means to fight oppression than violence which always has a terror aspectI could go on and on about this play which left me shaken and confused all three times I read it in high school with my students and on my own Like Brecht's Galileo I seem to change my mind on the right behaviour all the time favouring different solutions depending on the changing political climate Maybe we sometimes have to be heroes But it should not be a career

  2. Riku Sayuj Riku Sayuj says:

    The play explores the pivotal moment in human history at least in western history when man confronts for the first time the proof that his conceptions of truth were entirely wrongGalileo comes alive as a larger than life genius from the pages full of witticisms and blustering energy Even his betrayal of his own science tends to be easily forgiven by the audience because he is such a genial revolutionary More than the drama of science standing up to the bully called religion I liked the instances of Marxism creeping into the play In the discussions about Latin and how writing science in English will spell doom to the nobility we get a sense that the real danger that Galileo represented was not just contradictory new knowledge but that the knowledge was suddenly out in the public realm Galileo had to die because he was not just an academician he was a new kind of preacher a preacher of logicThese instances are woven into the grander drama with small scenes of Galileo ranting about professors having to teach all seven days and having not time for research and about knowledge as commodity these are the scenes that to me made this a play of our timesThe true gist of the play comes out in the penultimate scene I would like to put some of it here so that even if someone does not have the patience to read the play they can still get the spirit of its core argument This occurs immediately after Andrei discovers that Galileo has been working on a scientific treatise even during his imprisonmentGALILEO I had to do something with my time ANDREA This will found a new science of physics GALILEO Stuff it under your coat ANDREA And we thought you had become a renegade My voice was raised loudest against you GALILEO And uite right too I taught you science and I denied the truth ANDREA This changes everything everything GALILEO Yes? ANDREA You concealed the truth From the enemy Even in the field of ethics you were a thousand years ahead of us GALILEO Explain that Andrea ANDREA In common with the man in the street we said he will die but he will never recant You came back I have recanted but I shall live Your hands are tainted we said You say better tainted than empty GALILEO Better tainted than empty Sounds realistic Sounds like me New science new ethics ANDREA I of all people ought to have known I was eleven years old when you sold another man’s telescope to the Venetian Senate And I saw you make immortal use of that instrument Your friends shook their heads when you bowed before a child in Florence but science caught the public fancy You always laughed at our heroes “People that suffer bore me’ you said ‘Misfortune comes from insufficient foresight’ And Taking obstacles into account the shortest line between two points may be a crooked one” GALILEO I recollect ANDREA Then in 1633 when it suited you to retract a popular point in your teachings I should have known that you were only withdrawing from a hopeless political suabble in order to be able to carry on with your real business of science GALILEO Which consists in ANDREA The study of the properties of motion mother of machines which will make the earth so inhabitable that heaven can be demolished GALILEO Aha ANDREA You thereby gained the leisure to write a scientific work which only you could write Had you ended in a halo of flames at the stake the others would have been the victors GALILEO They are the victors And there is no scientific work which only one man can write ANDREA Then why did you recant? GALILEO I recanted because I was afraid of physical pain ANDREA No GALILEO I was shown the instruments ANDREA So there was no plan? GALILEO There was noneDefinitely a play worth reading not for a scientific or historic perspective but for a picture of how reason and logic broke free from dogma and of how one man made the whole world tremble by unfolding a telescopeIt is indeed a marvelous portrait of intellectual betrayal The angry impotence of a man who realizes that he is ethically uneuipped to deal with the conseuences of his own genius

  3. Kalliope Kalliope says:

    Recently I attended a production of this play translated into Spanish and adapted in a striking way The vague notions I have of Brecht’s idea of the theatre the Epic theatre did not seem to be staged in this performance There was no Verfremdung On the contrary the theatre hall had been transformed and the stage was in the middle and had a circular platform that rotated and we the audience were siting around it Various lights and shadows and images were projected onto its floor screen A presentation entirely fitting to the cosmological concerns of the play but which seemed to incorporate the audience by bringing it in an effect reinforced by having the characters also walk outside the stage proper Another modification was that Bertolt Brecht himself appeared on the scene I mean an actor playing Brecht of course He arrives at the beginning to supervise a Spanish troupe that is going to perform his play The simultaneous dialogue in German and Spanish created a somewhat comical scene which again had the opposite effect from Verfremdung Or may be that is what Brecht wanted since his objective was that the audience would never forget that they were assisting to a representation and not witnessing reality itself The character playing Brecht then decided to play Galileo himself The production maintained the musical ingredient originally by Hanns Eisler but I cannot vouch whether that was the version I heard We had a singer with a wide voice range of voices since he could move from a high baritone to a counter tenor pitch The incidental music was very effective and helped to set the different moods as the play unfoldedAs the stage apart from the images screened on the floor was rather sparse another remarkable invention to suggest an Italian setting was when various actors suddenly froze and posed as various well known figures around the circled stage Most of them were by Michael Angelo his David Moses Pietà but there was also the Roman Boy with the ThornAfter attending the performance I read the play and it is then that I recognized of the Epic theatre aims of Brecht Instead of acts he has fifteen frames and there are few stage indications The play lets itself be comfortably read like an epicAnd of course one could make a parallel between the story of Galileo during the last years of his life when he was confronted by the Catholic authorities to the one that Brecht had to endure during his exiled years in the US when he was associated with Communism Brecht left the country; Galileo suffered house arrestPerformance at the Valle Inclán theatre in Madrid

  4. Manny Manny says:

    In the comment thread to the review of Dennett's Breaking the Spell which I posted a couple of days ago much of the discussion has turned on the concept of martyrdom Dennett argues that religion is a self reproducing pattern of behavior a meme and that a martyr is someone who has been taken over by a meme to the point where he is willing to sacrifice his life for his beliefs Maybe irrational for the martyr but perfectly rational from the meme's point of view the history of religion shows that martyrdom is an effective way for religions to spread Dennett draws a sharp distinction between science which he says is rational and fact based and religion which isn't It seemed to me at the time that this wasn't so clear; even if a given scientific theory may be rational and fact based the scientific world view itself is as arbitrary as a religious one I happen to approve of rational fact based belief systems but any attempt I make to justify them will presuppose rationality and facts so my arguments don't add anything It's as good or bad as a religious person justifying their own world view by telling me it's the Word of God But there are some objective differences between science and religion just viewed as behavioral patterns and one of these is martyrdom There are very few people in history whom one could reasonably call martyrs to rationality Socrates looks like a clear example; but who else is there? Of course we immediately thought of Galileo The fact of the matter though is that Galileo wasn't martyred He was threatened by the Inuisition and he backed downWhy? This is perhaps the central issue in Brecht's play Brecht does not presents Galileo as a particularly admirable human being He fraudulently passes off the telescope as his own invention in order to improve his financial position he ruins his daughter's life by his thoughtless behavior towards her fiancé and finally he exhibits simple cowardice when confronted by the enraged Pope Urban VIII Even as a scientist he is by no means above reproach in the Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems his most important work the central plank of his argument to demonstrate the movement of the Earth rests on an explanation of the tides which is simply wrong Feyerabend in Against Method takes pleasure in making him look like a bungler and near charlatan and annoyed many scientists by witnessing against him when the Vatican reopened the case in the late 20th century But despite all this Galileo has become one of the most respected people in the history of science and his influence on its subseuent development is incalculable In Brecht's version of the story Galileo doesn't know why he behaves the way he does His student learning of the important work on dynamics that he has completed during the last years of his life wants him to say that he carried out a clever strategic retreat but Galileo is having none of it There was no plan; he was just afraid of being tortured He sounds bitter and sincere I would be interested to see Dennett's take from his perspective the moral of the story is perhaps that memes for rational thought do not spread in the same way as memes for religious conviction I'm still not sure why that would be but thinking about this play may help me understand it better Thank you Herr Brecht

  5. Jonfaith Jonfaith says:

    Young man I do not eat my cheese absentmindedlyDespite my perforated memory I can still cling to triumph most of which are the achievements of others but alas I can still appreciate I thought about Brecht at the end of his life this morning while enjoying this masterful narrative Did he regard himself as recanted? Did his petty tyranny of the women in his life strike him as abominable? Galileo as depicted by Brecht is too pragmatic to be disarmed by such pondering He is at ease groveling for appointments as he understands the alternative Aside from the necessity of obseuiousness he recognizes the need of discretion and the effects of The Age of Reason not only on the established order but on human existential orientation He anticipates Weber’s disenchantment but finds solace in wine bread and conversation What of my own missteps and absences? As a reader I blunder about with wistful grasps at concepts and reverie Muddled by self deprecation labor and lager—somehow I persevere I needed this play today

  6. Mira Jundi Mira Jundi says:

    As I finished reading this masterpiece of Brecht I sat thinking about how to go through everything in this play in one review it's impossibleThis play is absolutely one of the best literary works I've read and will ever read I couldn't find anything appropriate to say about it than Brecht's own words from the play itselfFor where belief has prevailed for a thousand years doubt now prevailsHe who does not know the truth is merely an idiot But he who knows it and calls it a lie is a criminalThe aim of science is not to open a door to infinite wisdom but to set a limit to infinite errorUnhappy the land that is in need of heroes

  7. Aniruddha Aniruddha says:

    There are many reasons why I chose to write about this in my common application to American colleges This book has had a phenomenal influence on me I have loved and enjoyed every part of this play Life of Galileo is not merely another book about the enraging conflict between science and its mindless counterpart religion but also about society and in the end life itselfPeople oft forget that Bertolt Brecht was a Marxist intellectual and his plays not only reflect that but also impersonate his Marxist leanings It was not Das Kapital that made me a Marxist but rather this play This play has a bigger theme than just the inuisition of Galileo by the Church it talks about powers class struggles the role of science in society and much It is a book about revolutions not just in science but in societyThis book will not appeal to many and I will not recommend it to any reader who wants a controversy free book I will not suggest this book to any of my friends who have presuppositions that will hinder their understanding of this book If you have a scientific bent of mind if you love to uestion and love to be uestioned If you hate tradition and don't play chess with pawns but are Bohemian and adventurous to move forward to attack with your best forces then is your BIBLE Put simply if you love freedom you will love this book If you believe freedom can be traded for tradition and conservatism has a role to play in our present time STAY AWAY FROM THE BOOK Its 5 out of 5 or even 6 out of 5 if you are like me an open minded individual who loves science and freedom

  8. Annie ☽ Annie ☽ says:

    English title Life of Galileo“Unhappy the land that is in need of heroes”This is a play about Galileo and at the same time it is notGalileo's relationship with the Church is one of the most obvious and possibly also the most famous examples of the age old conflict between science and power a conflict that at the time this play was written in was very significant; the use of scientific discoveries as means of human annihilation by the ruling class was rampant during WWII One may be brought to think that science should be free from any bond to authority for mankind to benefit from it Brecht wanted exactly this to make people critically think about the science power connection He gave very specific instructions to represent Life of Galileo on stage He wanted the audience to be alienated rather than empathise with any of the characters People had to be able to look beyond the events happening on stage and see the bigger picture uestion the times they were living in And this is why now Life of Galileo like all the masterpieces of dramaturgy sounds as modern and significant as almost a century ago

  9. Dhanaraj Rajan Dhanaraj Rajan says:

    May be three and half starsAs a performance I think this would have been a five star play To read I think something was lacking There were lengthy dialogues that sounded preachy for me than dramatic This is where the rating sufferedBut the presentation of the life of Galileo Galilei is complete He comes alive as a curious scientist mathematician and most of all a frightened human being at the threat from the Church He stands for science and human reason He also portrays that human reason can bend in the face of physical tortureGo for it It is worth your time and money You can have the feeling of being in the working studio of Galileo Galilei of 17th century

  10. Arman Arman says:

    this is getting ridiculousevery book I read in 2016 is so good that I can't avoid giving 5 starslol will be back with a review

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