Il sistema periodico ePUB ï Il sistema MOBI :º

Il sistema periodico ➺ Il sistema periodico Free ➰ Author Primo Levi – Периодичната система 1975 е сред най четените и най необикновените италиански книги – неин автор е химикът При Периодичната система е сред най четените и най необикновените италиански книги – неин автор е химикът Примо Леви един от най проницателните мислители на ХХ в преминал през ада на Аушвиц сред неговите произведения е Il sistema MOBI :º и жалонната за световната култура Нима това е човек В.

  • Paperback
  • 275 pages
  • Il sistema periodico
  • Primo Levi
  • Bulgarian
  • 05 March 2015

About the Author: Primo Levi

Primo Michele Levi Italian ˈpriːmo ˈlɛːvi was a chemist and writer the author of books novels short stories essays and poems His uniue work The Periodic Table linked to ualities of the elements was named by the Il sistema MOBI :º Royal Institution of Great Britain as the best science book ever writtenLevi spent eleven months imprisoned at Monowitz one of the three main camps in the Auschwitz c.

10 thoughts on “Il sistema periodico

  1. Petra-Eggs Sunny Side Up Petra-Eggs Sunny Side Up says:

    In an interweaving between the elements and stories Primo Levi tells his life But he chooses episodes to relate carefully and never discusses his children At the end he tells us that his writing was only partial and symbolic The man who wrote so much and so tellingly of Auschwitz in If This Is a Man remains a mysteryThe greatest mystery of all to me was his death At 67 he fell over the balustrade of the stairs down from the 3rd floor of the house he'd lived in all his life except when he was imprisoned in Auschwitz How do you fall over a stair rail? Was it suicide? Was he the last victim of the concentration camps?

  2. Rachel Rachel says:

    You know how you read a sentence and copy it down because it's so good? In this book I'd find a sentence and go to copy it and realize it relied on the one before it which relied on the one before that for its complete meaning So I'd copy down whole paragraphs whole pages because Primo writes in integrated seamless blocks of meaning Which is enviableOther than that I want to give Primo a big kiss buy him a beer and ride bikes with him in Italy

  3. Jim Fonseca Jim Fonseca says:

    Each chapter is named for an element; some chapters are autobiographical some are essays some are vignettes of people he knew and their careers in chemistry; two are short stories about metal prospecting and mining with hints of fantasy Most are autobiographical and through these we learn a bit of his childhood; his boyish fascination with chemistry experiments which grew into his college education and career as a chemist; his puppy loves and courtship and his imprisonment in a labor camp during WW II There’s a lot about language derivation especially of names For example the mixed JewishPiedmontese dialect in the fabric shops of that Italian region gave Italy a lot of its fabric terms And he worries that while he can speak it Piedmontese essentially a spoken language it loses its authenticity from his book learning rather than native fluency It’s fascinating to learn things such as urstoff in German means element or primal substance Here’s a uote chemists will love “the nobility of Man acuired in a hundred centuries of trial and error lay in making himself the conueror of matter”We even have a passage about fake news “how could he ignore the fact that the chemistry and physics on which we fedwere the antidote to Fascismbecause they were clear and distinct and verifiable at every step and not a tissue of lies and emptiness like the radio and newspapers?” Apparently fake news is a theme of the great Italian writers of this era because it reminds me of a related passage I uoted recently from Italo Calvino’s If on a Winter’s Night a Traveler “We’re in a country where everything that can be falsified has been falsified paintings in museums gold ingots bus tickets The counterrevolution and the revolution fight with salvos of falsification the result is that no one can be sure what is true and what is false the political police simulate revolutionary actions and the revolutionaries disguise themselves as policemen” Occasionally there is a theme of chemical mixing and the mixing of Jewish and Christian culture The author was forced to work as a chemist in the Auschwitz labor camp He later corresponded with his German supervisor at the camp Several passages deal with the tense relationship between the Italian fascists and the Jews such as “one could be polite one could even help him a Jew and even boast cautiously about having helped him but it was not advisable to have human relations with him nor to compromise oneself too deeply so as not to be forced later to offer understanding or compassion” Levi could not receive his college degree since awarding a degree to Jews was prohibited; nor could he initially get a job since the “racial laws forbade it” The author makes some humorous but nasty comments about librarians With apologies to the many users on GR who are librarians here’s one passage “The librarianpresided over the library like a watchdog one of those poor dogs that are deliberately made vicious by being chained up and given little to eat; or better like the old toothless cobra pale because of centuries of darknessshe was small without breasts or hips waxen wilted and monstrously myopicShe gave the impression of never having been young although she was certainly not than thirty and having been born there in the shadows in that vague odor of mildew and stale airshe stank of mothballs and looked constipatedI read somewhere this was the greatest science book ever written No I prefer Richard Feynman but it’s pretty good Translated from the Italian photo of Primo Levi from itascabilecom

  4. Paul Bryant Paul Bryant says:

    Every suicide is like a nail bomb full of vicious uestions and the uestions don’t care where they land Why didn’t somebody do something? – there’s one Surely there must have been signs Right there is a triple blow delivered to the bereaved partner and immediate family They’re reeling from the event then they have to conclude this depression this malaise was so acute it blotted out even thoughts of themselves in the suicide’s final minutes And after that comes the unspoken accusations and avoidings by friends and associates Why didn’t they see and having seen taken steps? Some suicides still hang like paradoxically visible black holes of misery up in our skies Sylvia Plath van Gogh David Foster Wallace Kurt Cobain Ernest Hemingway BS Johnson Mark RothkoPrimo Levi committed suicide at the age of 67 in 1987 The repercussions were uniuely distressing He had been the embodiment of an idea that is so cherished it’s nearly unbearable to think it may not be true The idea that a person can go through the worst and most inhuman experiences in his case Auschwitz and survive not only in body but in spirit too and not become corrupted and not destroyed Levi’s books were and are the clearest eyed most lucid most carefully discerning and most humane books about the Holocaust I have come across The idea that Auschwitz finally got him 42 years later that Hitler had extracted one posthumous victory was horrible And this final act now throws a long shadow over all his great writings so that we loop round on ourselves and almost catch us yelling and denouncing Levi for doing such a thing and then feel instant shame at such a thought This suicide involves Levi’s readers inevitably in these psychological traps Of course you can argue that the depression and anguish which led to the suicide might have a whole other aetiology of which we are completely ignorant It’s possible and it’s a comforting thought were it not for the continuous theme in his various writings being Auschwitz and the Holocaust from If This is a man 1947 to The Drowned and the Saved 1986 Or you can argue that it wasn’t a suicide at all it was an accident – an old man fell over a balcony There was no note The concierge of the block of flats had spoken to him minutes before he died He seemed okay But both his biographers think it was suicide We have to say that it doesn’t matter The work is the thing Rothko’s canvasses are not affected one way or another by his death just as Wuthering Heights would be just as great a novel if Emily Bronte had celebrated her 100th birthday on 30 July 1918 as World War One was coming to an end It doesn’t matterThe Periodic Table is a uirky memoir of a Jewish Italian chemist There are elements of cool humour throughout and hardly a trace of bitterness

  5. Kinga Kinga says:

    Chemistry as a metaphor for life Blurb writers love phrases like that They are short succinct and intriguing But how hard is it to write something that would deliver on such a promise?I had never read anything uite like ‘The Periodic Table’ It than delivered – it exceeded my expectations The book is a beautiful marriage of life and science perfectly accessible to a regular reader The truth is that anything can be fascinating provided it’s explained by a person truly passionate about the subject and it doesn’t hurt if they are also mind blowingly good writers like Primo Levi You might know Primo Levi as an Auschwitz survivor and you might worry that ‘The Periodic Table’ would be too dark of a read But it is not ‘If This is A Man’ Holocaust is still lurking around shadowy corners of this book and it is uite obvious that Primo Levi would be a different kind of writer if it weren’t for that trauma some might even ask if he would be a writer at all but this collection of anecdotes recollections allegory and glimpses is I would venture to say an ultimately almost positive if not downright optimistic work The very first story might be a little odd and discouraging but either soldier on or skip it altogether – it’s not really representative of the rest of the book I found reading about the intricacies of a Piedmont dialect with its borrowings from Hebrew rather fascinating I am interested in the process in which words change their meaning entirely not unlike they did in cockney rhyming slang but I can appreciate that such linguistic elaborations are not to everyone’s tasteFurther chapters – each named after a different chemical element document Levi’s life as a chemist and they are often funny tender and bitter sweet They are intersected with fictional short stories which read like fairy tales and where chemical elements take on almost mythical ualities The most striking story is the penultimate one in which Levi comes across a German who oversaw his work in the laboratory in Auschwitz Like a true scientist Levi wants to rationalise and understand his feelings He wants to know what it is he expects from the encounter His struggle to organise the swarm of emotions is probably the most touching part of the book ‘The Periodic Table’ is not a science book whoever calls it that has no idea what they are talking about It’s a book about the love for science It’s about what every scientist wants us to believe – that their subject is not some obscure knowledge of interest to few but it’s life and reality that makes us breathe move and think The last story in the collection spells it out for you in case you missed the subtle hints in the previous chapters I liked it a lot because it reminded of the times when as a little girl I fantasised about the history of atoms in my body – where they had been before me I imagined them as a part of dinosaurs king and ueens old houses wild horses The story is Levi’s crown argument for his thesis that it is only through matter not sprit we can know the universe And this is a thesis I can easily believe in – it appeals to me I am not what you call ‘spritual’If you made it this far in my review I will reward you with a link to an excellent interview with Primo Levi in the Paris Review of Books

  6. Ted Ted says:

    There are so called inert gases in the air we breathe They bear curious Greek names of erudite derivation which mean the New the Hidden the Inactive and the AlienThus begins Primo Levi's book of a score or so mini memoirs Each of these is named for one of the elements thus the name of the book The elements used are in no particular order – not alphabetical not by atomic number the ordering of elements in the periodic table They range from Argon the first chapter to Carbon the last from Hydrogen to Uranium from Nitrogen to ArsenicEach of Levi's unnumbered chapters is launched with something about the element used for its name Argon begins with the sentence above and continues for a rather lengthy paragraph along these lines ending with argon the Inactive is present in the air in the considerable proportion of 1 per cent that is twenty or thirty times abundant by volume than carbon dioxide without which there would not be a trace of life on this planetBut then the next paragraph in Argon begins The little that I know about my ancestors presents many similarities to these gases Not all of them were materially inert for that was not granted them On the contrary they were – or had to be – uite active in order to earn a living and because of a reigning morality that held that he who does not work does not eat But there is no doubt that they were inert in their inner spirits inclined to disinterested speculation witty discourses elegant sophisticated and gratuitous discussion It can hardly be by chance that all the deeds attributed to them though uite various have in common a touch of the static an attitude of dignified abstention of voluntary or accepted relegation to the margins of the great river of life Noble inert and rare their history is uite poor when compared to that of other illustrious Jewish communities in Italy and Europe Here ends my newer update to original review continuing below I read this book several years ago and every so often see something about it here on GR Perhaps I will write a real review someday but I would need to re read itFor a real review of Levi's book here on Goodreads check out Levi is well known as a survivor of Auschwitz a writer of great talent and great humanity He died a probable suicide in 1987I thought what I'd do here is give a link to a recent article in the New Yorker by James Wood It's basically a Levi retrospective and without mentioning the new book at all unless I missed it in a sentence presumably written to coincide with The Complete Works of Primo Levi published about a week ago in three slip cased volumes with an Introduction by Toni MorrisonWood discusses The Periodic Table extensively in the piece and also writes movingly of Levi's memoirs available together in If This Is a Man The Trucehttpwwwnewyorkercommagazine201 Previous review Ornament of the WorldRandom review Classics for PleasureNext review Almost No Memory Lydia DavisPrevious library review My Brilliant Friend Elena FerranteNext library review The Wine Dark Sea

  7. Ian Ian says:

    There was an occasion last year when I had to hang around for a few hours in a town about 40 miles from where I live – my car was in for repair As is my wont I spent the time in a bookshop and eventually was there long enough to feel guilty about not buying anything I’d heard of Primo Levi and of some of his books so decided to settle on taking this one awayI found this kind of wonderful Mainly it consists of snippets from the author’s life and especially his career as a chemist with each chapter ingeniously linked to one of the atomic elements Some of the events described are commonplace others anything but but each story forms part of a meditation on life The uality of the writing is outstanding I realise of course that I’ve read a translation so credit to translator Raymond Rosenthal for creating such a superb version of the original The edition I read was in paperback form but if I’d had this on my Kindle there would have been so much text highlighted that it might have formed the majority the book My only slight reservation was that along with the autobiographical pieces the book included 3 fictional short stories I liked the last chapter “Carbon” but was bit less taken with the other two stories “Lead” and “Mercury” The author or less tells us what he was trying to achieve with “Lead” and I thought that was OK but I was a bit less keen on “Mercury” I would maybe take a half star off for those aspects but overall 45 stars rounded up Deservedly a classic

  8. Steven Godin Steven Godin says:

    I have to admit as I spent most of my science and chemistry lessons staring out the window daydreaming my knowledge of the Periodic Table sucks Primo Levi has now changed all that Using each element to fascinating effect in his own experiences from the classrooms and studies of his youth through fascist Italy to his capture by the Nazi's and ultimate test of the human spirit to rally and remain mentally strong to survive to tell of the aftermath also The linking of stories to eponymous elements is in a few cases purely metaphorical — in the opening piece the inertness of Argon represents characteristics of his ancestors Sephardic Jews in Savoy Levi worked as a chemist however and a thread running through the books is what it is to be a chemist to wrestle with matter; the connection of the stories with elements is usually uite immediate though sometimes circumstantial rather than substantial One thing I learned in the second half of reading he was a seriously intelligent guy and as a free lance chemical consultant and problem solver the talk baffled the hell out of me The shifts in tone make this stand out from similar writings and each small segment can uickly change your perceptions An interesting and important piece of true life story telling

  9. Paul Paul says:

    45 starsThis is a collection of short stories twenty one in all each one named after an element of the periodic table In the UK the Royal Institution has voted it the best science book ever There is a variety of stories some are very personal memoirs a few are fictional some look at industrial processes and there is a good deal about the nature of words Sometimes Levi does describe a search for a particular element but in others he uses the fundamentals of the element for comparative purposes In Argon he uses its almost complete inertness as a symbol for the marginalisation of his Piedmontese Jewish ancestorsLevi explains his passion for chemistry and the reasons for his pursuit of it as a career; as always the reasons are complex“I have often suspected that deep down the motives for my boyhood choice of chemistry were different from the ones I rationalised and repeatedly declared I became a chemist not or not only from a need to understand the world around me; not in reaction to the cloudy dogmas of Fascism; and not in the hope of riches or scientific glory; but to find or create an opportunity to exercise my nose”Levis also writes well and tells a good story and there is a lyricism to his writing and even humour“Zinc Zinck zinco they make tubs out of it for laundry it is not an element which says much to the imagination it is grey and its salts are colourless it is not toxic nor does it produce striking chromatic reactions; in short it is a boring metal It has been known to humanity for two or three centuries so it is not a veteran covered with glory like copper nor even one of those newly minted elements which are still surrounded by the glamour of their discovery”There is a poignancy to it as well as when he leaves a job at a nickel mine to go to a lab in Milan describing his essential belongings“my bike Rabelais the Macaronaeae Moby Dick translated by Pavese a few other books my pickaxe climbing rope logarithmic ruler and recorder”The most powerful piece in the collection is Vanadium It is post war and the firm Levi is working for has a uery about the uality of some compound being purchased from a firm in Germany He begins a correspondence with his opposite number Gradually he realizes that he knows the man a civilian scientist in the war who worked for the Nazis and he met him in Auschwitz Levi explores his feelings and reactions to a man who was not unkind to him but who essentially was a moral coward in the face of evil The last chapter on carbon could be described as a little sentimental but I can forgive Levi that This isn’t a book about science although there is plenty of science in it; it’s about humanity and the uirks and idiosyncrasies of everyday life Levi is a good storyteller expressing human warmth puzzlement and a sense of justice A must read

  10. Ian "Marvin" Graye Ian "Marvin" Graye says:

    The Connotations of the ElementsAll elements have been named in a or less arbitrary manner after people places or mythological characters To those who named them if not necessarily us these names had metaphorical connotations For non scientists this significance might be lost in the scientific haze that befuddles usOne achievement of Primo Levi's novel is to revive the power of the metaphors Each element he has chosen represents a person an experience or a story Each chapter named after an element assumes both an individual and a collective powerThe collective power resides in the periodic table The tabular presentation of elements not only identifies each element but because of the way it has been structured it also defines their relationshipsIn this way Levi's periodic table symbolises individuals families societies and nationsA Literate ChemistScience is the foundation of society even if most of us have forgotten It took a literate chemist capable of striding over the two cultures scientific and creative to remind usLevi recognised that elements rarely manifest themselves to us in a pure unadulterated form They appear in combinations either as mixtures such as air or compound moleculesIt was only in the 17th century that scientists started to devote a lot of effort to distinguishing the elements from each other They had to be separated They had to be purified but only for analytical purposes Then with greater knowledge of their properties they could be artificially joined as new compoundsThere was no particular functional value in the unadulterated purity of a single element in its own right apart from any beauty that precious metals like silver and gold might be perceived to haveEnchantment and AdulterationLevi reached this conclusion from a scientific point of view The nature of matter is what is of concern to a scientist or chemist Still he managed to find enchantment in matter and its adulteration It is the stuff of life Without adulteration there would be no life and no diversityBit by bit over the course of the book he communicates his enthusiasm happiness and satisfaction to us It is the wonder of someone who is truly aliveRacial PurityEually importantly Levi extended the metaphor of adulteration to the type of social and political discourse that emerged in the time of FascismThe German and Italian Fascists were trying to achieve purity of their respective races Professor Googlewiki informs me that in 1921 Mussolini referred to the Italians as the Mediterranean branch of the Aryan race He later denounced Nordicism although the issue continued to simmer They regarded other races in particular Jews as threats to racial purity Jews supposedly adulterated Aryan perfection They had to be eliminatedWhat was missing was a perception of different races as different elements in the periodic table The universe does not consist solely of one element There are numerous elements and all of them have a role large or small in making the particular universe that we inhabit No one element can be said to adulterate the universeMatter and SpiritRace is a product of matter The Fascists tried to add weight ironically a rhetorical mass or gravitas to their arguments by resorting to the language of spirituality They believed that a race the matter behind the physical manifestation of the race has a spirit However the spirit according to Fascism is superior to and dominates matter It is the desire to preserve and perpetuate the spirit that motivated the political movement behind FascismTo do so other mass other spirit had to be perceived as inferior incorrect defective deviant an impurity something deserving of eliminationJust as in metallurgy ore had to be refined the target metal had to be separated and the impurities discarded on the mullock heap of life or deathThe Fascist modus operandi was to send Jews to extermination camps Levi a Jewish chemist was fortunate to survive the experience because of the value of his scientific skillsTales of Militant ChemistryFor all the horror that the author experienced and witnessed his novel is not just a compendium of tales of militant chemistry It is an exercise in tolerance of those who would commit or permit evil as long as they are prepared to repent His message is one of forgiveness for those who acknowledge the wrong they didThe chapters are named after 21 elements I haven't tried to analyse why each one of these elements was chosen or whether there is any significance in the order I'm sure that if you were prepared to put in the effort it would be like understanding the structure of Joyce's UlyssesThese are a Few of My Favourite ElementsThe novel starts with Argon an inert gas one incapable of aggregation with other elements Levi applies it to his Jewish family although he denies that they were wholly inactive The little that I know about my ancestors presents many similarities to these gases Not all of them were materially inerton the contrary they were or had to be uite active in order to earn a living and because of a reigning morality that held that 'he who does not work shall not eat' But there is no doubt that they were inert in their inner spirits inclined to disinterested speculation witty discourses elegant sophisticated and gratuitous discussion It can hardly be by chance that all the deeds attributed to them though uite various have in common a touch of the static an attitude of dignified abstention of voluntary or accepted relegation to the margins of the great river of life Noble inert and rare their history is uite poor when compared to that of other illustrious Jewish communities in Italy and EuropeThey were never much loved or much hatedNevertheless a wall of suspicion of undefined hostility and mockery must have kept them substantially separated from the rest of the populationAs is always the case the rejection was mutual Phosphorus a rare but vital element applies to a brief love interest which never really eventuated because of the war We are not dissatisfied with our choices and with what life has given us but when we meet we both have a curious and not unpleasant impression which we have both described to each other several times that a veil a breath a throw of the dice deflected us onto two divergent paths which were not ours Gold is the river Dora which represents youth joy life and friendship even when it is lost The Silver chapter details the reunion of two friends two positive heroes at the 25th anniversary of their graduation Each of us would gather stories like this one in which stolid matter manifests a cunning intent upon evil and obstructionThe name of the element Vanadium derives from the Old Norse Vanadis which is one of the variants of the name of the goddess of love Freya or Freydis who might also be familiar to W T Vollmann fans It is the chapter in which Levi explores forgiveness and repentance a way out of the horror of the HolocaustThis is What Matters The final chapter is Carbon Here Levi acknowledges that his book is neither a chemical treatise nor an autobiography except to the extent that like every other piece of writing it is partial and symbolic Instead it is a micro history with a scattering of sad tatters and trophies both failures and successesYet this chapter asserts how fundamental to life are atoms elements of the periodic table Carbon atoms travel from one form of life to another from an organic form to an intermediate inorganic form back to organic life Carbon atoms travel through time passing on their characteristics to other matter around themThe focus of this chapter is elements atoms molecules Chemical energy becomes mechanical energy and mechanical energy generates heat Such is lifeYet the great beauty of the novel is that it tells the story of people living loving giving birth parenting and perpetuating both life and love over the agesThis is matter This is what matter does This is what matters The Marvel of DiversityBy the end of the novel you marvel at humanity and its diversity You value each and every life No thing doesn't matter No life doesn't matter The novel subtly encourages you to care It makes you want to behave like you care Conversely you struggle to understand that Fascists might have looked at the same people as we do and didn't careThis novel is almost an afterthought to two earlier works by Levi about the Holocaust If This Is a Man and The Truce It even leaves gaps where the earlier books would have fit It houses them makes a home for them It is a periodic table into which these other elements fit perfectly This novel is rich in its own right but it invites us to read his other works to wander around the whole periodic table one element at a timeThe sense of this man Primo Levi who is now no longer with us makes me want to read his other works so that like an atom of carbon his legacy of vitality creativity love and forgiveness can live on transcending both his life and his death

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