10 thoughts on “The Snowden Files Kisah Pembocoran Dokumen Paling Rahasia Sepanjang Sejarah

  1. Sawsan Sawsan says:

    A real story written by the guardian reporter Luke Harding about the American Edward Snowden the former employee at the National Security Agency who copied and leaked highly classified documents and information at 2013, exposing the surveillance programs of the United States government.the book displays his life, work and the Hong Kong period where he shocked the world by exposing the secret facts, till his residence in Moscoweven if nothing changes, he is still a brave man did what he thought t A real story written by the guardian reporter Luke Harding about the American Edward Snowden the former employee at the National Security Agency who copied and leaked highly classified documents and information at 2013, exposing the surveillance programs of the United States government.the book displays his life, work and the Hong Kong period where he shocked the world by exposing the secret facts, till his residence in Moscoweven if nothing changes, he is still a brave man did what he thought the right thing to do


  2. Diane in Australia Diane in Australia says:

    I ve always said that if the average person, in any country, knew just one tenth of what goes on behind closed doors in their government and big business , they d be horrified Snowden s files prove me correct Sadly, I doubt if exposure changes things much except to make the offenders seek out new ways to keep doing their deeds.4 Stars Outstanding It definitely held my interest.


  3. Mal Warwick Mal Warwick says:

    When the news broke late in May 2013 about a junior contract employee of the National Security Agency NSA who had fled to Hong Kong with a collection of top secret documents about US intelligence practices in his possession, I didn t pay a great deal of attention Nor did I think much of it when the first stories surfaced in the Guardian and the Washington Post that were based on the purloined documents The headlines merely seemed to confirm what we in the public had learned from previous dis When the news broke late in May 2013 about a junior contract employee of the National Security Agency NSA who had fled to Hong Kong with a collection of top secret documents about US intelligence practices in his possession, I didn t pay a great deal of attention Nor did I think much of it when the first stories surfaced in the Guardian and the Washington Post that were based on the purloined documents The headlines merely seemed to confirm what we in the public had learned from previous disclosures about widespread surveillance of US citizens by the NSA.Then subsequent articles began making clear the previously unknown scope, depth, and character of the NSA s prodigious abilities to scoop up unprecedented volumes of communications data all across the globe I was shocked to learn that the US government had bugged the personal cellphones of Angela Merkel, Enrique Pena Nieto, Dilma Roussef, and dozens of other world leaders My eyes bugged out when I discovered that the NSA was stealing all the data that coursed through the cables used by Google, Yahoo , Microsoft, and other Internet companies And I did a double take when I learned that the NSA wasn t alone in this global data mining endeavor that Britain s GCHQ and their counterpart agencies in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand were all in business together under an agreement known as Five Eyes Now, having read Luke Harding s terrific new book, The Snowden Files, I know how much worse the problem is.As Harding writes, p aradoxically, in its quest to make Americanssecure, the NSA has made American communications less secure it has undermined the safety of the entire internet by inserting a back door into the encryption software used to protect personal and corporate data such as health records and financial transactions.Clearly, these developments aren t simply isolated events in a tale of a bureaucracy exceeding its brief as bureaucracies are wont to do In a larger sense, what Edward Snowden brought to light is that the governments of two of the world s leading democracies actedlike dictatorships Rather than clamp down on the rogue agencies that lied to conceal their most outrageous missteps even from senior elected officials, their leaders instead rushed to defend them to the hilt Simultaneously, the US government used all available resources to track down Snowden and put him on trial for treason Senior officials in the British government accused the Guardian of treason, too, and even at one point forced its staff to smash to bits the computers that were holding the files transferred from Snowden.Treason Really One of the most revealing episodes in this sad drama was the claim by General Keith Alexander, Director of the National Security Agency, that the wholesale data scooping had enabled the NSA to stop 54 terrorist plots As Harding notes, Alexander s deputy Chris Inglis subsequently conceded that only about a dozen of these plots had any connection to the US homeland Then he said that just one of them might have been disrupted as a result of mass surveillance of Americans He was also ambiguous as to whether the plots were real plots some of the citations he gave hadto do with financial transactions So, a four star US general accountable for the actions of his 40,000 person agency publicly distorted the truth almost certainly knowing what he was doing and got off scot free, while the person who brought to light his agency s illegal and unconstitutional activities was charged with treason How can this possibly make sense in a democracy Yet there are even broader implications to this story.The surveillance state and the future of democracyAssume, for the sake of argument, that Barack Obama spoke sincerely in his 2008 campaign for the presidency when he promised to strengthen privacy protections for the digital age and harness the power of technology to hold government and business accountable for violations of personal privacy Contrast that with the president s remarks in January 2014 on the subject of government surveillance, when he responded in a major address to the publication of the Snowden documents detailing massive privacy abuses by the NSA He heralded a series of largely cosmetic changes in procedure but insisted the men and women of the intelligence community, including the NSA, consistently follow protocols designed to protect the privacy of ordinary people In other words, candidate Obama pledged to turn back some of the egregious abuses of Americans civil liberties introduced by the Bush Administration while president Obama unapologetically defended them, just as he had in 2010 by signing the renewal of the notorious Patriot Act.To my mind, this blatant turnaround reflects two major aspects of the new reality that now characterizes American government first, that the president is not an all powerful chief executive but must routinely accept as fait accompli much that has become established practice in the federal government, no matter how he might feel about it and, second, that the intelligence establishment, lavished with unlimited funds and highly permissive laws by decades of protective presidents and compliant congresses, has grown out of control.What does that say about the future of democracy in America Think about it Read The Snowden Files if only because Luke Harding is an excellent writer This book readslike a thriller than a work of nonfiction, and it s clearly based on extraordinary access to many of the principals in the story.And if you want to delvedeeply into the present day reality of the US intelligence establishment, read Top Secret America by Dana Priest and William M Arkin, and The Way of the Knife by Mark Mazzetti Taken together, these three books paint a chilling picture of the intelligence establishment that has increasingly dominated America s role in the world and,recently, limited the scope of our freedom at home


  4. Bettie Bettie says:

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers To view it, click here view spoiler Bettie s Books hide spoiler view spoiler Bettie s Books hide spoiler


  5. Trish Trish says:

    Radio and TV coverage of the Snowden leaks were spotty This book helped to fill in the details, background, and what happened since Snowden showed up in Moscow Snowden himself, and his girlfriend Lindsay Mills, are fleshed out a little , and I learned why an American would go to British journalists, the Guardian, with the information he had purloined It turns out the British, specifically their top secret telecommunications monitoring arm, GCHQ, collaborated with the NSA We have the bra Radio and TV coverage of the Snowden leaks were spotty This book helped to fill in the details, background, and what happened since Snowden showed up in Moscow Snowden himself, and his girlfriend Lindsay Mills, are fleshed out a little , and I learned why an American would go to British journalists, the Guardian, with the information he had purloined It turns out the British, specifically their top secret telecommunications monitoring arm, GCHQ, collaborated with the NSA We have the brains they have the money It s a collaboration that s worked very well Sir David Omand, Former GCHQ Director No shortage of egoism and despotism to go around, then Snowden was a right wing libertarian in early writings on the web as a user he called TheTrueHOOHA It was frankly unsettling for me to read listen to his thinking as a teen, and see his progression to action To use his words, he would like to be viewed as a patriot who believes in the right to privacy enshrined in the U.S constitution When I d first learned of his leaks, I was startled Listening to his first interview on TV, I was admiring After reading this book, I am unsettled Luke Harding, a Guardian reporter, outlines the Snowden action for us with a minimum of sensationalism but with some incredulity at the scope of the revelations And the news is pretty sensational Harding gives a little background into Snowden s early development, and his foray into working as a U.S government contractor specializing in the protection of U.S government communications Snowden s amazed and amazing reach into the lives of others via their private data transfers must vindicate the paranoid While I have my doubts that any world leader or business executive thought their telecommunications were truly secret, Snowden s revelations are startling in the scope of the data collection and in the holes in the system, e.g., a relatively low level contractor had access to the material I should probably state from the get go that I do not fear my government I grew up in an age where inaction was muchto be expected than action incompetence and bureaucratic bungling was muchcommon than overreach I was not subject to the kind of totalitarian control experienced in Eastern Bloc countries, the Soviet Union, or China, but we have those examples to know it can happen I believe the president and his minions who claim that the government is not listening to the communications of private citizens They simply do not have the capacity, nor the interest, to do that However, they now apparently have the means, and individuals within governments can have a deleterious effect upon the stated objectives of government Snowden has shown us a place where an individual might have an outsized effect to his purported role Knowing just what I know now, if I had to make a judgment on Snowden s fate, I might say he should go to court congruently with the leadership of the NSA and the GCHQ I don t think it would have been possible for him to go up the chain of command to protest this data collection It is ridiculous to contemplate that anyone would have listened to him, given the reaction from our fearless leaders upon learning of his revelations But I wish things had gone differently for him and for us I listened to the Random House Audio version of this title, very ably read by Nicholas Guy Smith I had a look at the paper copy as well, and found it concise enough that the momentum never lagged Since Guardian reporters were the ones that initially broke this story, it is reasonable that they are the ones to write the details of what happened and the follow up I can t imagine there is a person out there who wouldn t be interested in this topic Inform yourselves This is going to be a political topic for some years to come


  6. Jeanpierre Jeanpierre says:

    For those of my generation, you will recall reading 1984 and Brave New World The debate was how society might evolve toward some form of totalitarian control In fact today both forms, drugs and invasion of privacy are complimenting each other to reach such goal Snowden s book written by The Guardian s journalist shows how far this pervasive spying on everyone is been carried out through the internet, phone and all digital tools The point that Bin Laden knew that and did not even have a phone For those of my generation, you will recall reading 1984 and Brave New World The debate was how society might evolve toward some form of totalitarian control In fact today both forms, drugs and invasion of privacy are complimenting each other to reach such goal Snowden s book written by The Guardian s journalist shows how far this pervasive spying on everyone is been carried out through the internet, phone and all digital tools The point that Bin Laden knew that and did not even have a phone line to his house take away any argument that it is helpful to catch terrorist This is a book that all should read to be aware that everything written is read potentially by NSA staff Hi NSA handier, hope you gave a good day


  7. Arun Divakar Arun Divakar says:

    Life as we know it is now almost entirely on the internet When we are not on the phone which in itself is a rare thing , we are on the computer or the tablet swimming in the ocean of the internet We live, play, work, love and trade on the internet and build our entire identities there I will complete this review and post it on an online forum which is again an irony from the POV of the book Imagine the kind of information that is available in the world of the internet, everything we have ev Life as we know it is now almost entirely on the internet When we are not on the phone which in itself is a rare thing , we are on the computer or the tablet swimming in the ocean of the internet We live, play, work, love and trade on the internet and build our entire identities there I will complete this review and post it on an online forum which is again an irony from the POV of the book Imagine the kind of information that is available in the world of the internet, everything we have ever read and written, every financial transaction made, every phone call and video call is all out there for someone to grab and use if they have enough resources to do so The million dollar question is is someone doing this snooping The world believed that this wasn t until Edward Snowden came out of the woodwork and unveiled what the Germans called der shitstorm, the extensive reach of the American NSA in breaching online privacy The kind of revelations that Snowden brought to the limelight has led to businesses, individuals and nations to rethink the extent of American penetration into their lives This book is a chronicle of Snowden s defection, his subsequent reveals with the help of The Guardian group and his subsequent exile The fact that Snowden who was a contractor with the NSA had such extensive access to the documents does itself question the access controls placed by the agency on its sensitive material The book does not go into the details of how the documents were eventually smuggled out Although in the trailer for Oliver Stone s Snowden, Joseph Gordon Levitt tosses something resembling a Rubik s cube as he walks out of the security check Snowden is introduced as a geeky young man who enlists in the army to be discharged for a broken leg and later with his formidable computer skills, he finds a job with the CIA While initially he is a geek who is all gung ho about his move into the cloak and dagger world of espionage, his move into NSA shakes him completely According to The Guardian and Snowden, this was a period when he understood how much American intelligence had penetrated the world and all of it made him completely disillusioned He moves to Hong Kong and with the help of the newspaper group begins to run a series of articles which expose the massive surveillance conducted by the US and UK on a post 9 11 world There followed a furore all over the world in which the world nations, the corporates and the common citizens angrily responded to the extent to which their privacy was violated And yet if the book is to be believed, the Obama administration was strangely nonchalant and in denial mode all through this There were a lot of hand wringing and impassioned pleas from the American side of the fence that all of this was done to counter another 9 11 It then came as a surprise to the law makers that even in the Congress, the opinion was divided on what good the increased amounts of spying into the lives of citizens was doing and also to whether the NSA really needed to be reined in Not much has changed in the world and being the secretive organization it is, we don t know what the NSA is up to now The Snowden effect wasvisible in terms of the steps that netizens adopted all over the world following the revelations Technology companies and consumer electronics read Apple have made the encryptions stronger and hopefully made it difficult for the snoops to find their way into the maze of information Research also points to the fact that terrorist outfits have made their digital security stronger too which sums up the fact that across the globe there is a heightened awareness of the need for systems which are tamper proof Snowden obviously became a global fugitive and is currently in Russia with another side effect being that to a section of the Americans, he is also a traitor Post this book and my reading on this topic, I don t find in Snowden a hero or a revolutionary He is a symbol oraptly a channel of communication which told the world to be on their guard His morals or ethics are subjects to be debated about and since this book was published by The Guardian, they always treat their subject with a tenderness But we need to step beyond him as an individual and come to terms with the extent to which the global intelligence network has spread There is mention in the book of an operative who put his girlfriend on electronic surveillance after they had a spat and I fail to understand the threat to national security in such a case The term abuse of power assumes gargantuan proportions when viewed at through such a prism Also to note is the reaction meted out to the newspaper from the British authorities following the scoop which leads you to wonder about the freedom of the press.A timely if not slightly dated book but still worth a read Lesson learned is also that Pretend it is the 1980 s and that there is no Wi Fi, talk to another person instead of texting them


  8. Bria Bria says:

    Let s put aside the debate whether Snowden was right or wrong to release thousands of classified government documents and focus on what the outcome of this was To me, the outcome or reason for releasing the documents is the real issue here.Imagine you are in an airport, would you say the word bomb Imagine you are on Google in your private home on your private internet, would you search how to make a pipe bomb or how to make a fertilizer bomb Probably not And why Because you are aw Let s put aside the debate whether Snowden was right or wrong to release thousands of classified government documents and focus on what the outcome of this was To me, the outcome or reason for releasing the documents is the real issue here.Imagine you are in an airport, would you say the word bomb Imagine you are on Google in your private home on your private internet, would you search how to make a pipe bomb or how to make a fertilizer bomb Probably not And why Because you are aware the government monitors you You have learned this through friends, through TV and through the media Did you know this before 2013 and Snowden Of course.Snowden s entire reasoning for whistleblowing was 1 The public needed to know what these documents contained and 2 That this would promote change across the globe And I find that both of these reasons are unfounded and na ve.Firstly, the American media and media across the globe had been reporting on this very same illegal spy activity since 2001 Harding gives many examples of articles and whistleblowers who all said the same things as Snowden and whocame before himYes, Snowden broughtevidence and examples of this surveillance, but this wasn t really a new idea I find it incredibly surprising that people, for example Snowden, thought the government didn t monitor the internet or phone lines The minute the Patriot Act was signed and the government gave itself permission to spy and detain you whenever, this should have been a forgone conclusion Companies spy on you before an interview, so do colleges before they give you an acceptance We all spy on each other s Facebook pages So why is this news Answer, it isn t What would be news if the 100 million phone calls the NSA gets from America and multiple other countries per day resulted in people being imprisoned, tortured and killed without reason That would be scary That would be a worthwhile reason to blow the whistle Just telling people Hey the government stores your emails along with literally millions of other emails that they can t sort through is a pretty pathetic reason to become a whistleblower Snowden didn t save any lives or uncover government labor camps or find mass graves or torture chambers Those are what I would expect in a media story that is being compared to Big Brother, etc Also, if you are concerned about the government reading your naughty emails to your mistress or lover, just get some low grade encryption according to Harding And to wrap this up, China, Russia, the Middle East, England, France, Italy, Germany, Brazil, etc all have their own versions of this same spying network Harding even mentions them in this book This only difference here was, Snowden was tattling on the US not these other countries.Secondly, Snowden s actions did not change anything The NSA still exists, so does the Patriot Act Obama re signed it If anything, the NSA is being offeredmoney Harding talks about how the budget for the NSA has increased So if Snowden didn t promote change, didn t save anyone and didn t help the American public, why did he even blow this whistle The answer, his own ideology Hebelievedthat he should That it was the right thing to do So we can argue all day long on if this was right , but at the end of the day it wasn t to help people, it was to promote Snowden s libertarian and political goals I am giving this book this poor rating because the writing was just awful It jumped around so much sometimes in the same paragraph that it was hard to follow The blatant adoration of Snowden was also little to strong.If you are interested in this topic, this really isn t an informational, unbiased read But if you already know something about this topic and are interested in the pro Snowden side, this is a good read


  9. James Roberts James Roberts says:

    First off, I d like to apologize for not posting earlier I finished the book a couple of months ago, and have only recently found the time to write a review As to the book, I appreciated it because of its perspective In my opinion, I feel that the message is simple, concise and unbiased As opposed to what you will get from the American mass media, the UK media etc., we are given an inside view of the thoughts and reasoning behind the actions of a young man who felt compelled to out what he f First off, I d like to apologize for not posting earlier I finished the book a couple of months ago, and have only recently found the time to write a review As to the book, I appreciated it because of its perspective In my opinion, I feel that the message is simple, concise and unbiased As opposed to what you will get from the American mass media, the UK media etc., we are given an inside view of the thoughts and reasoning behind the actions of a young man who felt compelled to out what he felt were the disingenuous actions of the US and UK government I respect the actions taken, after the regular channels had been exhausetd, to no avail I am of the opinion that the great machine that is the government is neither concerned for nor respectful toward any action that does not preserve or strengthen it s agenda to amplify and solidify the need for governance This book laid out the details in an understandably chronological way, and from multiple perspectives as to lead the reader to make their own assumptions about the validity and motive of Snowdens series of actions What I found refreshing, was that for the first time in a very long time, I was able to read the details, without constantly being reminded by the mass media and the government, about how I was supposed to feel The book was well done, to the point, and an easy read never boring or lagging


  10. Shaun Shaun says:

    Greatif you re a journalist and like the fast paced action and efforts by the Guardian to protect freedom of the press and the First Amendment Curious that a newspaper in the UK is seeking protection of the First Amendment when the UK does not even have either a Constitution or Bill of Rights like we enjoy here in the US It begs the question Where was the US Press or the Fourth Estate when all this was happening under our noses To ask the question is to answer it asleep at the Greatif you re a journalist and like the fast paced action and efforts by the Guardian to protect freedom of the press and the First Amendment Curious that a newspaper in the UK is seeking protection of the First Amendment when the UK does not even have either a Constitution or Bill of Rights like we enjoy here in the US It begs the question Where was the US Press or the Fourth Estate when all this was happening under our noses To ask the question is to answer it asleep at the wheel Suddenly Mr Snowden s choice in seeking assistance from reporters with the Guardian looks that muchinspired and brilliant to me.Otherwise, the book is average to good if you are just a plain ol reader like me Seemed to be a lot of self aggrandizement by Mr Harding and the folks at the Guardian Makes Snowden out to be a patriot and not the traitor he is alleged to be Sure makes the NSA and our politicians especially the White House as well as the politicians in the UK, look absolutely terrible with all their obvious lying to Congress, lying to each other, lying to the American, UK and world citizens, double dealing, back sliding, and whatever other invective you wish to direct toward them Not All The President s Men but not a stinker either


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *