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    Il visconte dimezzato PDF Ú Il visconte Epub / L opera narra le vicende del visconte Medardo di Terralba che, insieme al suo scudiero Curzio, decide di partire alla volta dell accampamento cristiano inCalvino Italo Il visconte dimezzato Quando ho cominciato a scrivere Il visconte dimezzato, volevo soprattutto scrivere una storia divertente per divertire me stesso, e possibilmente per divertire gli altri avevo questa immagine di un uomo tagliato in due ed ho pensato che questo tema dell uomo tagliato in due, dell uomo dimezzato fosse un tema significativo, avesse un significato contemporaneo tutti ci sentiamo inIl visconte dimezzato diventa opera digitale sul Il Visconte Dimezzato diventa opera digitale sul palco del Verdiore fa Convention Gop, la serata di Melania Trump e Mike Pompeo Ballando con le stelle , Samuel Peron positivo sospese le."/>
  • Paperback
  • 129 pages
  • Il visconte dimezzato
  • Italo Calvino
  • Arabic
  • 08 September 2019

About the Author: Italo Calvino

Italo Calvino was born in Cuba and grew up in Italy He was a journalist and writer of short stories and novels His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy , the Cosmicomics collection of short stories , and the novels Invisible Cities and If Il visconte Epub / On a Winter's Night a Traveler His style is not easy to classify; much of his writing has an air reminiscent to th.



10 thoughts on “Il visconte dimezzato

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Il visconte dimezzato = The Cloven Viscount, Italo Calvino
    The Cloven Viscount (Italian: Il visconte dimezzato) is a fantasy novel written by Italo Calvino. It was first published by Einaudi (Turin) in 1952 and in English in 1962 by William Collins, with a translation by Archibald Colquhoun. The Viscount Medardo of Terralba and his squire Kurt ride across the plague-ravaged plain of Bohemia en route to join the Christian army in the Turkish wars of the seventeenth century. On the first day of fighting, a Turkish swordsman unhorses the inexperienced Viscount. Fearless, he scrambles over the battlefield with sword bared, and is split in two by a cannonball hitting him square in the chest. As a result of the injury, Viscount Medardo becomes two people: Gramo (the Bad) and Buono (the Good). The army field doctors save Gramo through a stitching miracle; the Viscount is alive and cloven. With one eye and a dilated single nostril, he returns to Terralba, twisting the half mouth of his half face into a scissors-like half smile. Meanwhile, a group of hermits find Buono in the midst of a pile of dead bodies. They tend to him and he recovers. After a long pilgrimage, Buono returns home. There are now two Viscounts in Terralba. Gramo lives in the castle, Buono lives in the forest. Gramo causes damage and pain, Buono does good deeds. Pietrochiodo, the carpenter, is more adept at building guillotines for Gramo than the machines requested by Buono. Eventually, the villagers dislike both viscounts, as Gramo's malevolence provokes hostility and Buono's altruism provokes uneasiness. Pamela, the peasant, prefers Buono to Gramo, but her parents want her to marry Gramo. She is ordered to consent to Gramo's marriage proposal. On the day of the wedding, Pamela marries Buono, because Gramo arrives late. Gramo challenges Buono to a duel to decide who shall be Pamela's husband. As a result, they are both severely wounded. ...
    عنوانها: ویکنت شقه شده؛ ویکنت دو نیم شده؛ نویسنده: ایتالو کالوینو؛ انتشاراتیها (روزن، چشمه)؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: روز ششم ماه ژانویه سال 1970 میلادی
    عنوان: ویکنت شقه شده؛ نویسنده: ایتالو کالوینو؛ مترجم: بهمن محصص؛ تهران، روزن، 1346، در 132 ص؛ چاپ دیگر: تهران، شهاب ثاقب؛ در 115 ص؛ شابک: 9646976085؛ موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان ایتالیائی - سده 20 م
    عنوان: ویکنت دو نیم شده؛ نویسنده: ایتالو کالوینو؛ مترجم: پرویز شهدی؛ تهران، چشمه، 1382، در 120 ص؛ شابک: 9643621103؛ چاپ ششم 1389؛
    ویکنت «مداردو»؛ برای جنگ با ترک‌ها، راهی میدان نبرد می‌شود، اما در آنجا زخم بر‌می‌دارد، و پیکرش دو تکه می‌شود. هر نیمه، توسط افراد مختلفی درمان شده، و به زادگاه ویکنت بازگردانده می‌شوند. یکی از این نیمه‌ ها، حاوی تمامی خوبی‌ و خیرهای «ویکنت»، و دیگری حاوی همه‌ ی بدی‌ها و شرارت‌های اوست. این دو نیمه هر کدام، با رویکردی دیگرگونه، یا: «شر رسان»، و یا: «خیر رسان» هستند، و در نهایت هر دو، زندگی مردم را به نوعی مختل می‌سازند. ا. شربیانی

  2. Glenn Russell Glenn Russell says:



    My uncle was then in his first youth, the age in which confused feelings, not yet sifted, all rush into good and bad, the age in which every new experience, even macabre and inhuman, is palpitating and warm with love of life. Vittore Carpaccio's 1510 painting, Young Knight in a Landscape, could have been an illustration for this Italo Calvino quote taken from the first pages of The Cloven Viscount, at a time in the story prior to a Turkish cannon firing a cannonball that split the poor Viscount down the middle, leaving him with a right half and a left half.

    Italo Calvino's short novel holds much in common with traditional Italian folktales the great author loved so dearly. Also affinity with the fairy tales from the Brothers Grim. In the spirit of Hansel and Gretel and Iron John, a twelve-page retelling of The Cloven Viscount would make a lovely Grim -style tale for all ages.

    Published in 1952 when the author was thirty-years-old, The Cloven Viscount is a 100-page gem of fabulist literature, a macabre fantasy about a young Italian aristocrat, Viscount Medardo of Terralba, made Lieutenant in the war against the Turks and, after the aforementioned cannonball cloves the Viscount in two, his evil half returns to his homeland whereupon he goes on a rampage, murdering or torturing anybody and anything he can put his one hand on. The good half eventually arrives and, following all varieties of drama, there's a climatic duel producing an unanticipated result: the two half-Viscounts are stitched back together into a whole man leading to a happily ever after ending.

    The tale is narrated though the eyes of the Viscount's young nephew and addresses a number of highly provocative, philosophical themes. Here's a number I count among my favorites:

    Status and Rank: The young Viscount knows nothing of battle or war, yet he is made Lieutenant solely on his being an aristocrat. The consequences are dire: the guy doesn’t have the brains not to stand directly in front of a cannon. Likewise, when his evil half perpetrates atrocities back home in Terralba, men and women still call him the Viscount as if his rank at birth entitles him to act above the law and a basic sense of decency. Italo Calvino lived through the rein of Il Duce and Italian Fascism. Perhaps the author’s novella serves as a warning of what can happen when leaders like Mussolini go unchecked.

    The Nature of Good and Evil: Many are the examples of the Viscount committing acts of pure evil: torturing animals, murdering small children, burning homes to derive pleasure from the suffering of others. Yet references and allusions are also given that matters are not quit so simple - in nature there is always a mingling of opposites. Frequently Italo Calvino put me in mind of the Chinese ying-yang: the black half containing a circle of white and the white half containing a circle of black.

    To take one vivid example of the interconnectedness and complementariness between human and animal, Italo Calvino describes a horrific scene during the plague: “Over the bare plain were scattered tangled heaps of men’s and women’s corpses, naked, covered with plague boils, and, inexplicably at first, with feathers, as if those skinny legs and ribs had grown black feathers and wings. These were the carcasses of vultures mingled with human remains.”

    Knowledge and Expertise: At one point old carpenter Pietrochiodo tells the young narrator about the instruments of torture and death he has constructed with such expertise: “Just forget the purpose for which they’re used and look at them as pieces of mechanism. You see how fine they are?” One can only wonder at how many morally upstanding craftsman and scientists have applied their great knowledge only to see the products of their expertise used by leaders to cause unspeakable suffering on humanity. A number of critics reviewing The Cloven Viscount have referenced the case of J. Robert Oppenheimer and the atomic bomb.

    Nature of Artists and Writers: Is the Viscount’s eight-year-old nephew a stand in for artists and writers during a reign of terror – a perceptive observer but someone denied any true power? At the tale’s conclusion, the narrator even misses his chance to leave the country via ship since at the time of the ships’ departure he was deep in the woods telling himself stories. Ah, those artists and writers!

    Love, Sweet Love: Beautiful country lass Pamela with her goats and sheep and flowers becomes the object of love first for the Viscount and then for his good other half. But what is the full range of Eros when a man, even as a member of the nobility, is only half a man? By the way, at no point in the tale do we read of the raunchy humor of having a half-penis.

    Half-ness and Wholeness: “If you ever become a half of yourself, and I hope you do for your own sake, my boy, you will understand things beyond the common intelligence of brains that are whole.” This as part of a philosophic soliloquy when the Viscount speaks to his nephew. As I was reading, I had to ask myself: When was the last time I encountered a person whole in any way?

    As humans not only are we all cut in half as per the speech of Aristophanes in Plato’s Symposium, where Aristophanes recounts how we all were once happy, rollicking, cartwheeling and round, complete with four arms and four legs but the gods became jealous and cut us in half. Thus we move through life forever searching for our other half. Added to this, we humans are cut again into quarters: we are all kicked out of the present moment, forever reflecting back on the past and projecting into the future. And yet again, we suffer a third whack, this time not so much a cut as a squash: modern commercial society squashes us in the sense that we are forever comparing ourselves unfavorably to those men and women or children presented by mass media as the ideal.

    So here we are: halved, quartered and squashed. And the Viscount judges us whole? Now that is truly twisted thinking! Good thing for all around the Viscounts were sewed together in the story’s final pages. It might not be a 100% happily ever after ending but as humans it might be as good as it gets.


    The maestro's view atop the world, Italo Calvino, 1923-1985

  3. Matthew Appleton Matthew Appleton says:

    55th book of 2020.

    A very bizarre, short novel from Calvino, published some five years after his debut, Path to the Spider's Nest. The latter being a realist novel about the War, this is more reminiscent of Calvino's later postmodern work. The best way to explain this is by calling it a fairy tale, or a myth; it is told in that way, quite simply. It is about a Viscount who is blown perfectly in half by a cannonball, but lives. Without any spoilers, the surviving half returns from the War against the Turks. The coolest thing about the book is how wherever he goes he cuts things perfectly in half, so one finds halved mushrooms on the floor, halved pears in the trees, halved octopuses on the shoreline...

  4. Mattia Ravasi Mattia Ravasi says:

    Featured in my Top 5 Italo Calvino Books: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wHHJq...

    As hilarious as it is thought-provoking, poised perfectly halfway between Calvino's 'straight' and 'quirky' novels. A great starting point for newbies and an immortal classic for everyone else.

  5. Kamil Kamil says:

    It seems to be your typical metaphor of dualism of human nature, however the middle age/renaissance fabulous setting and brilliant dark humour makes it quite special.
    Aside from driving idea, Calvino, very intelligently, addresses the clannish, hermetic aspect of religion as well as love that can be driven by good as well as by evil...
    Very intelligent and funny tiny book that can be read in one evening. Strongly recommended.

  6. Jamie Jamie says:

    Now this is how you do a fable. What a joy the language is, even in translation. Not to mention each character, good and bad alike, equal parts lovable and bizarre. Once again, the only reason I’d want to have kids is to read them Calvino.

  7. Uhtred Uhtred says:

    This novel by Italo Calvino is from 1952 and is the first work of the trilogy of Our Ancestors, together with The baron in the trees and The nonexistent knight. The story, told by the protagonist's nephew, is set in the 18th century. The protagonist is Viscount Medardo di Terralba, who, having joined the Christian army, leaves with his squire to go and fight the Turks. In the midst of an epic battle, Medardo is hit and split exactly in half by a cannon shot. From the serious episode only the bad half of Medardo seems to have been saved, who returns to Terralba and proves cruel and cynical, up to establishing a regime based on terror that crushes all the inhabitants of Terralba. Medardo has no inhibitory brakes, and in order: he confines his old nurse in the leper colony with invented accusations; he tries to poison his nephew with mushrooms; persecutes the country's Huguenots; causes the death of his father Aiolfo, cruelly killing his favorite bird. The bad Medardo, who in the meantime is nicknamed by all the Gramo (the Bad), also asks a craftsman to build machines that divide everything they hit in half, almost to make the world as he has become. In addition to Medardo and his nephew, we also know another strange character, Dr. Trelawney, a doctor who moved to Terralba and who studies nothing less than the fatuous fires in cemeteries…
    One day Medardo surprisingly gives his nephew a very precious ring and also saves him from a poisonous spider, getting bitten in his place. The strangeness lasts a few pages then, both we and the nephew understand that this is the right side of the viscount,that it too survived the cannon fire and that, unlike the Bad, is exceptionally good, so much so that it is precisely nicknamed the Buono (the Good). The Good lives in the woods and when he is informed of what injustice the Bad is doing, he tries to remedy it. It would seem a good story of Good versus Evil, but after a few pages, the Good also starts to feel a little unpleasant, because if the Bad is too bad, the good is too good, unbearably, nauseably, to the point to create he too situations that annoy the citizens of Terralba. The conflict between the two is very intense, also because both of them like the same girl, Pamela, who, however, does not like either of them.
    The poor inhabitants of Terralba begin to have enough of both and so Dr. Trelawney and Medardo's nephew begin to think about how to put the two halves of the viscount back together, to restore balance. The occasion happened on the wedding day of Pamela, who was forced by her parents to marry one of the two halves of the viscount. The Good arrives first at the ceremony and when the Bad also arrives they begin to quarrel and challenge each other to a duel. During the fight the two injure each other with swords and Dr. Trelawney will succeed in a very complex operation to sew them together, so Pamela will marry the whole viscount.
    Calvin's book is not only a story about Good versus Evil, it is also an attempt to combat all the divisions of Man, a desire that man become a complete whole, capable of carrying out all its parts, not just one at the expense of the others. It is a fantastic story, of course, but which analyzes the psyche, feelings, actions, reactions, drives and desires of men in the face of the facts of life.
    And with regards to Good and Evil Calvino is very good at making the idea that neither Gramo nor Buono are perfect, that there is beauty and ugliness in both. As for Marcovaldo, which I recently re-read, Calvino always amazes me for the actuality of the topics: between the pages, with his humor, he solicits questions and reflections, without however being heavy in style, instead remaining always very funny and ironic. Great.

  8. Deb (Readerbuzz) Nance Deb (Readerbuzz) Nance says:

    Is this the strangest story I have ever read? Truly I think it is. Here's a plot summary from Wikipedia. Decide for yourself.

    The Viscount Medardo of Terralba and his squire Kurt ride across the plague-ravaged plain of Bohemia en route to join the Christian army in the Turkish wars of the seventeenth century. On the first day of fighting, a Turkish swordsman unhorses the inexperienced Viscount. Fearless, he scrambles over the battlefield with sword bared, and is split in two by a cannonball hitting him square in the chest.

    As a result of the injury, Viscount Medardo becomes two people: Gramo (the Bad) and Buono (the Good). The army field doctors save Gramo through a stitching miracle; the Viscount is alive and cloven.[1] With one eye and a dilated single nostril, he returns to Terralba, twisting the half mouth of his half face into a scissors-like half smile. Meanwhile, a group of hermits find Buono in the midst of a pile of dead bodies. They tend to him and he recovers. After a long pilgrimage, Buono returns home.

    There are now two Viscounts in Terralba. Gramo lives in the castle, Buono lives in the forest. Gramo causes damage and pain, Buono does good deeds. Pietrochiodo, the carpenter, is more adept at building guillotines for Gramo than the machines requested by Buono. Eventually, the villagers dislike both viscounts, as Gramo's malevolence provokes hostility and Buono's altruism provokes uneasiness.

    Pamela, the peasant, prefers Buono to Gramo, but her parents want her to marry Gramo. She is ordered to consent to Gramo's marriage proposal. On the day of the wedding, Pamela marries Buono, because Gramo arrives late. Gramo challenges Buono to a duel to decide who shall be Pamela's husband. As a result, they are both severely wounded.

    Dr. Trelawney takes the two bodies and sews the two sides together. Medardo finally is whole. He and his wife Pamela (now the Viscountess) live happily together until the end of their days.

    What in the world is the wise Italo Calvino trying to tell me?

  9. Rose Rose says:

    Italo Calvino's Jekyll and Hyde. The more I think about this one, the deeper and more provoking it becomes. I can't say I enjoyed it as much as Calvino's other works but there's so much going on beneath the surface that it's really challenged me.

    So after a bit of research I gathered that some people take this as a World War II/Cold War allegory and others take it to be a parable about human nature and morality. Those can be the same thing, in my opinion.

    It starts in the 17th century when the Viscount Medardo is split in half by a canon while fighting the Turkish. Both halves survive in perfect symmetry, one evil and one good. After returning from the war, the evil half of the viscount is a sadistic oppressor of his people- ordering the death penalty for petty crimes, terrorizing peasants who contradict him, and commissioning devices of torture. All in all, a sly and heartless fascist.

    The good Medardo however is altruistic to a fault. He wanders the lands as a vagabond, trying to clean up the messes of evil Medardo. He pities the evil half of himself so much that he can't rouse himself to take any action against him. He is upright and kind but the people soon grow as resentful of him as they do evil Medardo because he chastises them for their corruption and greed. This good Medardo feels as inhuman as the evil one in a twisted way. He is undoubtedly the moral right, but all of his good deeds seem a bit ineffective and small in the shadow of a madman. His extreme pacifism leads to the death of many.

    It's unknown to the narrator, the young nephew of the viscount, whether or not these two halves will destory each other until the very end. He recognizes that neither half thinks that he's missing the other; they can only see how great and perfectly right their own perspective is.

    There are some characters whose symbolism is obvious and others I can only guess at, but those more familiar than me with the actors in WWII and post-war Europe will be able to piece it together. The carpenter Pietrochiodo, whose conscience is torn between the beauty of discovery and the death wrought with his machines; the English Dr. Trelawney who seems to care nothing about people and instead devotes his time to research on will-'o-the-wisps; the village of licentious lepers; a colony of Hugenots who are so legalistic that they've completely forgotten who they are and what they stand for; the shepardess Pamela, who engineers the final resolution.

    When the dust settles and everything is reconciled, it seems that the only person who still feels incomplete and lost is the narrator. He now has to live in a strange new world where the horrors of yesterday feel almost fantastical. Yet he is also reluctantly being pushed towards a new reality, a future where the rules and responsibilities seem so different from the old world.

  10. Bjorn Bjorn says:

    A short fairy-tale-like story about a nobleman who comes back from the war with the Turks horribly disfigured; his entire left-hand side has been shot to pieces (or has it?) and the one-eyed, one-legged, one-armed, half-gutted, half-brained (but not half-witted) nobleman seems to have gone through a personality change; it soon turns out that he's, well, evil. He treats his subjects horribly, and he's also become obsessed with cutting things in half.

    Of course, after a while it turns out his left-hand-side wasn't obliterated at all, but only took longer to get back from the war since it had to stop and help people every step of the way. Yes, his other side is so completely good it's sickening, and even though his subjects are happy at first to have a counter-agent to the right-hand viscount, it soon turns out that the left-hand viscount is barely any use at all, since he absolutely refuses to do anything about the world he lives in or even judge his evil half.

    The Cloven Viscount is fun, a light read, playing around with the ideas of good and evil but ultimately not really saying much that hasn't been said in just about every fairytale ever written. I did find some details interesting - for instance, that the first sign that the first half-viscount is evil comes in his completely unforgiving view of justice and his need to separate everything into good and evil halves.

    It's a likable enough story, it doesn't take itself too seriously and you'll breeze through it in two hours, but it's by far the most lightweight Calvino I've read.

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